A bipartisan proposal advances in the US Senate to grant citizenship to “dreamers”

Young man protesting in favor of DACA REUTERS/Jose Luis Gonzalez/File Photo (JOSE LUIS GONZALEZ/)

The dreamers (undocumented youth who entered the United States as children) could have the possibility of becoming citizens, if a bill that is in the initial stages in the nation’s Senate is successful.

The Senator kyrsten sinemaDemocrat from Arizona, and Sen. Thom TillisRepublican of North Carolina, wrote an immigration reform proposal that has four main components: it would grant citizenship to about two million of dreamers who live in the country, increase funds in the Border Patrol budget, maintain Title 42 for one more year, and expedite the political asylum process.

For the project to be viable, it must have the support of at least 60 senators. Currently the Senate is divided with 50 senators from each party. In principle, generally speaking, Democrats are expected to be more willing to vote in favor of a bill that grants citizenship to Dreamers, but it is likely that some of them will not feel comfortable with the other conditions of the bill. The White House has not wanted to comment on the project, since they are considering it at an initial stage.

Senator Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ) during a press conference REUTERS/Sarah Silbiger
Senator Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ) during a press conference REUTERS/Sarah Silbiger (SARAH SILBIGER/)

Citizenship for Dreamers

There are currently 700,000 young people living in the United States under DACA, a presidential executive order that gives work permits to dreamersbut that it is temporary and does not grant them immigration status.

As it is a presidential decree, and not a law that passed through Congress, DACA could disappear, and that is the fear that thousands of young people in the country live with. In early October, an appeals court ruled in favor of maintaining the program, but upheld a ban on new youth enrolling in DACA.

Only a law approved by both chambers in Congress would give real immigration status to these young people.

Thom Tillis (Reuters/Elizabeth Frantz)
Thom Tillis (REUTERS/Elizabeth Frantz) (ELIZABETH FRANTZ/)

Title 42

This is another presidential executive order, this one signed by Donald Trump, which, taking refuge in the health risks during the pandemic, meant that deportations could be immediate and that most of the asylum requests of those who arrived crossing without documents were denied. border.

The measure would end on December 21, according to a ruling by federal judge Emmet Sullivan. If the project were to prosper, this could change. Although for a time issue, it is highly unlikely that it will happen in two weeks.

More Funding for Border Patrol

In the fiscal year that ended on September 30, 2022, there was a record number of 2.76 million interceptions at the border of people wanting to cross illegally. As a result of the large increase in crossings, a large part of the country calls for more control at the border.

The proposal indicates that the budget for the Border Patrol be increased by at least 25 billion dollars extra, so that there are better salaries and more agents controlling the border with Mexico.

Streamline asylum processes

This has been a constant request from the migrant community. Asylum cases often take more than five years, piling up cases at immigration offices. The project wants these times to be accelerated so that the system is more effective.

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