After a month of war, Sudan plunges into a deep crisis: fighting continues in Khartoum and Darfur

The clashes that broke out on April 15 have left nearly a thousand dead and around a million displaced (REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra) (ZOHRA BENSEMRA/)

Sudan It was once again the scene of bombings and explosions this Monday, after a month of war for power between two rival generals that threatens to degenerate even more and puts the stability of neighboring countries in that region of Africa at risk.

The clashes that broke out on April 15 between the head of the regular army, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (FAR) of General Mohamed Hamdan Daglo have left close to thousand dead and around a million displaced.

General Daglo released an audio recording on Sunday night in which he promised that his opponent would be “promptly tried and publicly hanged.”

Shortly before, General Burhan had ordered all bank accounts of the FAR, known for its financial power, to be frozen.

The fighting mainly takes place in Khartoumthe capital of five million inhabitants, and in the region of Darfurin the west of the country.

The inhabitants survive entrenched in their houses for fear of stray bullets, without water and electricity in many cases and with little food reserves.

Sudan’s doctors’ union quoted Monday in 280 the death toll and in more than 160 that of wounded in the confrontations of the May 12 and 13 in El-Geneina, in Darfur.

In an eastern suburb of Khartoum, witnesses reported airstrikes and explosions.

food distribution

Displaced people seek refuge in Chad (REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra)
Displaced people seek refuge in Chad (REUTERS/Zohra Bensemra) (ZOHRA BENSEMRA/)

At the same time, in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, emissaries from both sides agreed to the creation of “safe steps” to evacuate civilians and facilitate the entry of humanitarian aid, but left the issue of the cessation of hostilities for later “broader discussions.”

“Nothing has changed since the beginning of the conflict, except that people are getting more tense every day,” he told the news agency. AFP a resident of southern Khartoum.

“Violence on both sides is increasing day by day”affirmed a resident of the north of the capital.

Following the deaths of 18 aid workers and multiple looting, much of the international humanitarian aid on which even in normal times much of the 45 million Sudanese depend was interrupted.

However, the World Food Program (WFP) announced on Monday a distribution of food in the state of Al Jazeera, southeast of the capital, for those displaced by the fighting.

With the banks closed for a month, cash is beginning to run out. Not to mention that prices have skyrocketed: those of food have quadrupled and those of gasoline have multiplied by 20.

In Darfur, “we have information of snipers shooting anyone who leaves their house,” he told the AFP mohamed osmanby Human Rights Watch (HRW).

Trapped, “the people injured in the fighting of 15 days ago are dying in their homes,” he added.

The area is still reeling from a war that broke out in 2003 when then-dictator Omar al-Bashir founded the Janjaweed militias, made up of Arab tribes, against rebellious ethnic minorities.

Doctors Without Borders (MSF) stated that in the camps for displaced people in Darfur “It has gone from three meals a day to just one.”

Paramilitaries attack four diplomatic missions in one day

“Violence on both sides is increasing day by day,” said a resident north of the capital (REUTERS/Mohamed Nureldin Abdallah/File Photo) (MOHAMED NURELDIN ABDALLAH/)

The Sudanese Foreign Ministry denounced on Monday that the paramilitary group attacked three foreign embassies and a diplomatic office on Sunday, after Jordan denounced that its legation in Khartoum had been “assaulted and sabotaged.”

According to a Foreign Affairs statement, the FAR attacked and entered “by force” the embassies of Jordan, South Sudan and Somalia, in addition to storming the offices of the military attache of Saudi Arabia.

The paramilitary units “manipulated documents, damaged furniture and stole valuables” such as computers and diplomatic vehicles, according to the note, which described these acts as “criminal and barbaric behavior.”

He condemned those actions and called on the international community to consider the FAR “a terrorist organization” as well as to bring their leaders before international courts.

Fear of regional contagion

Thousands of refugees enter Egypt, Chad, Ethiopia and South Sudan every day. In Egypt, which is going through the worst economic crisis in its history, concern is growing. Other neighboring countries fear a regional contagion.

In Khartoum, the airport is not working, shopping malls have been looted and government offices are closed “until further notice.”

What remains of the administration went into exile in Port Sudan, 850 kilometers east of the capital, where a small UN team is trying to negotiate the delivery of humanitarian aid.

According to experts, the war is expected to be a long one, since the two opposing parties seem to have the same combat capabilities and little willingness to negotiate before having prevailed on the ground.

Before going into open conflict, Generals Al Burhan and Daglo together carried out a coup to oust civilians from power in October 2021.

Two years earlier, under the pressure of a large popular mobilization, the army had overthrown Omar al Bashir, in power for three decades.

(With information from AFP)

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Unicef ​​reported that 190 children died in the fighting in Sudan