Italian far-right leader Giorgia Meloni and his political allies began complicated negotiations on Tuesday to form a new government in Italy, which will have to face a series of challenges, both economic and diplomatic.
The post-fascist party Brothers from Italy of Meloni, great winner in Sunday’s elections, has no experience in power management and will have to count on the contribution of personalities from the past.
The next female head of government will have to form a team with all the parties of the winning right-wing coalition to deal with inflation, the rising price of energy and the delicate relations with the European Union due to the war in Ukraine.
Meloni, 45, the first woman to reach the head of government in Italy, will have to reckon above all with the far-right party League of Matteo Salvini and the conservatives of Silvio Berlusconi’s Forza Italia, with more experience in the management of ministries and public offices.
The election of key ministries, such as the Ministry of Economy, Foreign Affairs, Defense and the Interior, is among the first stumbling blocks.
“Very specialized people are needed”, recognizes this Tuesday the newspaper of the industrialists The stamp.
As the result of the elections was net, since the coalition of the extreme right and right has a baggy most in both branches of Parliament, Meloni should be commissioned in mid- october.
The post-fascist leader has relative Little time for the negotiations, since it will have to present and approve the Budget Law for 2023 before the end of the year.
The budget law will be “like climbing Everest without oxygen tanks,” warns the newspaper Corriere della Sera.
Meloni tried to reassure investors during the election campaign and his speeches were less radicals with respect to those pronounced in the past in which he virulently defended his ultra-conservative and anti-European creed.
Markets are reacting cautiously for now, although the rate on Italian 10-year bonds rose to its highest level since October 2013 on Tuesday and the gap between German and Italian interest rates, the spread, exceeded 250 points per first time since the coronavirus pandemic in 2020.
The future head of government has so far kept a low profile and wants a peaceful and responsible transition with the outgoing government.
“The conditions in which Italy and the European Union find themselves are particularly complex, we need everyone’s contribution and a serene climate, as well as mutual respect,” he said in his brief speech delivered early Monday morning after the victory.
“This is the hour of responsibility,” he added.
This Tuesday, the European Commission approved the second installment of money from the post-pandemic recovery funds, worth 21,000 million euros (almost the same figure in dollars).
A delicate contribution since Meloni wants to renegotiate the terms of the agreement with the European Union, which could jeopardize access to the entire amount of nearly 200 billion euros.
Meloni’s allies also demand important positions. Salvini wants to recover his controversial role as Minister of the Interior and Berlusconi aims for the presidency of the Senatedespite the fact that he was expelled in 2013 from Parliament for tax fraud.
Frictions with Salvini and Berlusconi will not be lacking, above all because of their focus on the war in Ukraine and Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Antonio Tajaniformer president of the European Parliament, among the personalities closest to Berlusconi, is among the candidates for foreign minister, an appointment that could allay international fears about the new government’s euroscepticism.
Respect for the coalition’s political program, drawn up in August, will be key to coexistence between these parties, which must guarantee Meloni’s permanence in government.
(With information from AFP)
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