The extreme heat wave which is affecting many regions of Spain, Italy, Portugal and France It could lead to Europe’s all-time record temperature of 48 degrees being exceeded in the coming days, the European Space Agency (ESA) has warned.
After a spring and early summer marked by storms and floods, with the hottest month of June in the world’s history, the arrival from the Mediterranean of the anticyclone Cerberus threatens to blow that record of 48 degreesreached in the Italian city of Florida just two years ago, on August 11, 2021.
Italy, Spain, France, Germany and Poland are currently experiencing a heat wave who has brought the thermometers above 40 degrees in the first half of July, in which -according to the World Meteorological Organization- the world experienced the hottest week since records exist.
ESA’s Copernicus Sentinel-3 satellite has captured the temperature in Europe between July 9 and 10 based on the amount of energy that the Earth radiates, significantly higher than the air temperature, which is what Meteorologists refer.
So, you have measured temperatures of 46 ºC in Madrid, 47 ºC in Seville, and even some above 50 ºC in certain regions of Italy.
The current heat coincides with the phenomenon of The boy in the Pacific Ocean, and that makes you hope that more meteorological records will be broken in the world.
“Climate warming amplified this year by El Niño strongly affects food production and water availability, as well as our health,” he said in a statement. Benjamin Koetzscientist on ESA’s Earth surface temperature monitoring mission.
In a study published by Nature Medicine earlier this week, Spanish and French researchers have estimated that high temperatures caused more than 60,000 deaths in Europe in 2022. The countries with the highest mortality were Italy, Greece, Spain and Portugal.
Italy prepares for the arrival of Charon with temperatures of up to 47 degrees in Sardinia
Italy prepares for the arrival of a new anticyclone, charonwhich is scheduled for this Sunday and will last all week and in which temperatures are expected from 42 degrees on the peninsula to 47 degrees on the island of Sardinia.
In Italy this week they have registered high temperatures in which it has exceeded 40 degrees and ten cities, Bologna, Florence, Frosinone, Latina, Perugia, Rieti, Rome, Viterbo, Campobasso and Pescara -in the center of the country-, are on red alert.
While after the passage of this anticyclone, lower temperatures and, above all, numerous storms have been recorded in the north of the country.
The meteorologist and editorial director of the website www.iLMeteo.it, Andrea Garbinatoexplained that after the passage of the current anticyclone, Cerberus, the high subtropical pressure Charon will arrive, which will be in charge of bringing atmospheric tranquility but also a new and more powerful African heat.
“With the African anticyclone Charon, temperatures will rise suddenly from Sunday and therefore easily reach 38 degrees in Tuscany and Lazio, as in Florence and Rome, above 42 degrees in Sardinia, but in the first 3 days of next week a maximum of 43 degrees is forecast in the capital42 degrees in Florence, 41 in Bologna, 38-40 degrees in the Po Valley, along the Adriatic coast, and up to 47 degrees in Sardinia,” explained the expert.
Spain, with maximum temperatures between 42 and 44 degrees
The Spanish communities of Andalusia, Aragon and Castilla-La Mancha have activated the red notice (extreme risk) due to maximum temperatures between 42 and 44 degrees, in a time slot between 1:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m. peninsular time, reported the State Meteorological Agency (Aemet).
In Andalusia (south) the province of Granada continues in red due to highs that will reach 44 degrees in the Genil basin, and orange level (significant risk) in the towns of Guadix and Baza due to temperatures of 43 degrees; In Almería, Córdoba, Jaén, Málaga and Seville there is an orange alert for suffocating heat, between 43-41 degrees.
The provinces of Teruel and Zaragoza (Aragón) continue with a red level for values of up to 43 degrees in areas of Bajo Aragón and in the Ribera del Ebro de Zaragoza, while in the province of Huesca, in orange warning, the maximum will rise to 39 degrees in southern points.
Castilla-La Mancha has a red notice in the province of Albacete, specifically, in areas of La Mancha in Albacete for temperatures of 43 degrees, and in the rest of the provinces, all in orange, the maximum will range between 40-41 degrees.
In the Community of Madrid there is an orange level in points of the metropolitan area, south, Henares, Las Vegas and the west due to temperatures of 40 degrees; in the sierra, the thermometers will mark up to 36 degrees.
In areas of the Mediterranean, the island of Mallorca (Balearic Islands) is in orange due to highs between 39 and 41 degrees; the Aemet warns that it could occasionally reach 42 degrees in the area between Campanet, Sa Pobla and Llubí. In the rest of the islands there is a yellow warning for values between 36-37 degrees.
The Region of Murcia continues in orange due to highs between 42-43 degrees in the highlands, northwest, Vega del Segura, in the Guadalentín valley, Lorca and Águilas, although locally it can reach 44 degrees in the towns in the interior of the region.
The Valencian Community (east) will register 41 degrees in the provinces of Alicante and Valencia, and, on a one-off basis, it could reach 42-43 degrees in points inside Valencia; Catalonia, also in orange, has a warning in Girona and Lleida due to sweltering heat of 40 degrees in areas of the Pyrenees and Ampurdán.
In the northern half of the country, Navarra and La Rioja are in orange due to maximum values of 39 degrees in areas on the banks of the Ebro; the Aemet warns that the alert refers to the eastern half of both communities where, on time, 40 degrees may be reached.
Castilla y León, Extremadura and the Canary Islands are on a yellow alert (risk) for records between 34 and 39 degrees, while Andalusia, Aragon, Castilla-La Mancha, Catalonia, the Region of Murcia and the Valencian Community are also at risk. of storms.
France, with two thirds of its low water reserves
France is going through its first heat wave of the summer, with nine departments on orange alert by heatwave, by temperatures that can occasionally reach 40 degrees, and more than two thirds of its water reserves at a level lower than usual and even 20% at a very low level.
The Minister of Ecological Transition, Christophe Béchuexplained this week that, with data collected up to the end of June, 68% of the groundwater tables, which are the main source of water supply, are below the normal level at this time of year.
That means a slight improvement from the 66% in May, according to the national geological service (BRGM), although 20% are at a “very low” levelessentially in the middle valley of the Rhône around Lyon, in the south of Alsace and in some points on the Mediterranean coast, in particular in the Pyrénées-Orientales department (bordering Spain).
Although Béchu said that he could not totally exclude it, he was somewhat confident that there will be no water supply problems in urban areas, although that does not mean that there are no restriction measures, which have been in force for months.
In this regard, the minister announced the entry into service of an internet page, in partnership with the state meteorological service Météo France, which will make it possible to know the restrictions in force for any address.
(With information from EFE and photos from EFE, AFP, AP and Reuters)
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