The restrictions imposed by the Taliban on rights of women and girls in afghanistanBesides the incarcerationthe enforced disappearancethe torture and other ill-treatment, constitute Crimes against humanity that they should be judged according to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Courtas determined by the NGO International Amnesty and the International Commission of Jurists in their most recent report entitled: “The Taliban’s war on women. The crime against humanity of gender persecution in Afghanistan” (The Taliban’s War on Women. The Crime Against Humanity of Gender Persecution in Afghanistan.)
In his analysis, which covers events between August 2021 and January 2023, International Amnesty ensures that the Taliban have marginalized women from political and working life since they took control in August 2021, preventing them from holding public office. In addition, they have eliminated secondary and higher education for women and girls, denying them access to university and limiting their career options.
“The restrictions against women are clearly designed to target them specifically. Their rights have been violated and they have been excluded from participation in society. Afghan women and girls are forced to live as second-class citizens, silenced and invisible”, stated the general secretary of the NGO, Agnes Callamard.
“There is no doubt that this is a war against women: they deprive them of public life; prevent them from accessing education; they are prohibited from working; they disable them to circulate freely; They are imprisoned, tortured, and forced to disappear, including for speaking out against these policies and resisting repression,” she added.
According to Callamard “theThe seriousness” of the crimes requires an “international response much more energetic than that observed to date. “There is only one admissible outcome: this system of oppression and persecution based on gender must be dismantled”.
So much International Amnesty as the International Commission of Jurists they pointed out that the Taliban carry out these acts “through the security apparatus of the previous government”, as well as with the “involvement” of the Afghan Police and security forces”.
The general secretary of the Jurists, Santiago Canton, stated that the policies of the ‘de facto’ authorities in Afghanistan are a “system of repression that aims to subjugate and marginalize women and girls throughout the country”.
“Hold the Taliban to criminal account and stand up to the rampant impunity for serious documented crimes in this report is a necessary step to guarantee justice to those who survive their atrocious practices”, stressed Cantón.
In the report, both organizations urge the Taliban to take immediate action to guarantee women’s right to workfree movement, political participation and other human rights that are currently being violated.
They also ask the international community that they use universal jurisdiction or other legal mechanisms to try the Taliban for their crimes.
For both NGOs, “the systematic oppression of women and girls in afghanistan has not stopped increasing since the taliban took power as de facto authorities. The most recent restrictions include: prohibition to work with the UN offices and the limitation of entering parks and gyms.
“These recent practices, along with other discriminatory policies examined in this report, stand in stark contrast to statements by the Taliban in August 2021, immediately after taking power in the country. At that time, they reiterated the commitment they made during the peace negotiations to protect and guarantee the rights of women,” the report states.
Despite these promises, the Taliban have systematically violated women’s rightsquickly erasing the substantial advances in the protection of rights that had been accumulated over the last 20 years”, it adds.
(With information from Europa Press)
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