Artificial Intelligence: which jobs are most at risk and which skills will be the most sought after

75% of companies plan to incorporate AI tools into their production process (Reuters) (Gabby Jones /)

The advance of the artificial intelligence (AI) in the world of work, in a context in which 75% of companies plan to incorporate some tool of this kind in their production processes, threatens the work of millions of people around the world according to a report by the World Economic Forum (WEF), while having the potential to create new job roles that did not exist before. The type of work in which a person performs will be key to determine if, in the next five years, he should prepare to change jobs.

The WEF’s “Future of Work” report argues that in the next five years there will be radical changes in the world of work. Millions of jobs will be lost, many more will be created. Not only artificial intelligence will be the cause of these changes: also the transition to a green economy and the growing problems of the world in general.

But when it comes to risks to jobs due to technological progress, not all job roles are equally exposed. Some will suffer serious declines in employment while others will see a hiring boom.

Jobs at risk, jobs in vogue

According to the WEF report, specialists in intelligence and machine learning top the list of fast-growing jobs, followed by sustainability specialists and the business intelligence analysts.

“Most of the fastest growing features on the list are related to technology. Most of the functions with the greatest decline are those of office or secretariat, being those of bank tellers and the like, employees of postal services and store tellers the ones that are expected to decrease more rapidly”, analyzed the WEF.

jobs that are growing/shrinking the most Artificial intelligence

For the report, a structural reconfiguration of labor markets is taking place that has its roots in technological adoption and automation. These emerging roles include data analysts/scientists, AI and machine learning specialists, and digital transformation specialists, while declining roles include data entry clerks, executive and administrative secretaries, and accounting, bookkeeping, and payroll clerks. .

The charts accompanying this note show data on the jobs that are expected to experience the highest absolute growth and decline, and survey results suggest that the largest growth between 2023 and 2027 will be for Farm Equipment Operators, Heavy Truck Drivers and groups, and Vocational training teachers.

jobs that are growing/shrinking the most Artificial intelligence

“Data entry clerks, administrative and executive secretaries, and accounting, bookkeeping, and payroll clerks are expected to see the largest job cuts. Together, these three functions account for more than half of the total expected job destruction,” the WEF said.

“Taken together, our analysis suggests that 69 million jobs will be created and 83 million destroyed, leading to a contraction of global labor markets of 14 million jobs over the next five years at the current rate of change, although this figure it is subject to a high degree of uncertainty, since it is not holistic. The sum of these changes yields an estimate of the global structural turnover of the labor market of 23% of the current global labor force,” the report added.

future skills

Ultimately, technology adoption and digital transformation simply change the skills needed in the workplace.

In recent years, the business world has shifted from a focus primarily on acquiring new skills by hiring more people, to internal mobility and upskilling of current employees.

The top two skills for 2023 and beyond are cognitive: analytical thinking and creativity.

the 10 skills on the rise competencies infographic

The resiliencethe flexibility and the agility They are also core competencies now and in the future, just like the technological literacyhe leadership and the curiosity.

He creative thinking it will be the skill that grows the most in the next five years (73%), followed by analytical thinking (73%) and technological knowledge (68%).

The rise of “social jobs”

Research conducted by Indeed and WF reveals that job postings have grown significantly for both social jobs as of another type since the pandemic.

“Social jobs, that is, those related to the attendancethe education and the health, play a vital role in the well-being of society, since they allow social mobility, guarantee human capital and reinforce the resistance of society. As the world grapples with a growing and aging global population, the importance of social jobs will undoubtedly increase,” the WE said.

In 15 of the 22 countries analysed, jobs in care, health and education grew faster than the rest. This is mainly due to healthcare and care, which has grown faster than the rest in 16 of the 22 countries surveyed, largely due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Education jobs, meanwhile, grew faster than others in 12 of 20 countries surveyed.

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