asthma, chronic disease

What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic disease that affects children and adults.

The passageways that carry air to the lungs narrow due to inflammation and compression of the muscles that surround the small airways.

This causes the symptoms of asthma: cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.

Consequences of asthma in everyday life

People who don’t receive proper asthma treatment may experience sleep disturbances, daytime tiredness, and trouble concentrating. People with asthma and their families may have to take time off from school and work, with financial repercussions for the family and the wider community.

causes of asthma

The chance of getting asthma is higher if other family members also have asthma.

Asthma is more common in people who suffer from other allergies, such as eczema or rhinitis (hay fever).

Urbanization has been associated with an increased prevalence of asthma, probably due to several factors related to lifestyle.

While there is no cure for asthma, proper treatment with inhaled medications can help control the disease and make it easier for people with asthma to lead normal, active lives.