The authorities of Australia They issued an alert heat wave in the south of the country due to an unusual rise in temperatures that could reach 36 degrees this Monday in Sydney in the middle of the southern spring.
On its Facebook page, the Bureau of Meteorology indicated that a front of high pressures is causing this rise in temperatures that caused 26 people to have to be treated in the hospital for heat stroke Sunday during a marathon in Sydney.
“This type of prolonged and early heat is very rare in September, and temperature records are expected to be broken in the coming days,” the Bureau of Meteorology said in a statement on Sunday.
The affected states are South Australia, Victoria and New south Wales.
Three weeks ago, the meteorological agency indicated in a report that Australia experienced its warmest winter, which is from June to August in the southern hemisphere, since temperature measurement began in 1910.
The office noted that the average daily temperatures were 1.53 degrees Celsius higher than the historical average and that every winter since 2012 has been warmer than the average between 1961 and 1990.
This southern winter, between June and August, surpassed the maximum records of 1996, when temperatures exceeded the historical average by 1.46 degrees.
According to the state agency, the winter was especially hot on the East Coast, where temperatures were 2.03 degrees above the historical average.
“Climate change caused by humans is significantly increasing the probability of having winters like the one we have seen this year,” climate scientist at the University of Melbourne in Australia, Andrew King, said on the social network X (formerly Twitter).
In the coming months Australia faces rising temperatures and drier climate than usual due to El Niño, a natural meteorological phenomenon caused by currents in the Pacific Ocean.
Australia has suffered severe droughts, floods and bushfires in recent years due in part to global warming caused by excess greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Rising temperatures by more than four degrees Celsius due to the climate crisis could cost Australia up to 423 billion Australian dollars (about 274 billion US dollars or 252 billion euros), according to a study published in August.
The direct impact of increasing global temperatures, if Australia and the rest of the countries do not adopt measures to mitigate climate change, will cause a drop of between 0.2 and 0.8 percent in productivity in the country by the year 2063, says the Intergenerational Report 2023, from the Australian Ministry of the Treasury.
The document also points out that the drop in productivity due to the climate crisis, especially in the services, manufacturing, construction and agriculture sectors, would have an economic cost of at least 135 billion Australian dollars (87.5 billion Australian dollars or 80.5 billion of euros).
In contrast, if the increase in temperatures is limited to two degrees, Australia would add about 155 billion Australian dollars (100.4 billion US dollars or 92.4 billion euros) to its Gross Domestic Product, according to the report.
(With information from EFE)