ChatGPT begins to become the new pen of the political world

Artificial intelligence collects data from users to improve its operation (Unsplash)

He ChatGPT conversational robot invaded the academic and professional spheres. Politicians and legislators already use it to elaborate speeches and laws, some governments intend to convert it to their causes and there are those who fear that it will become a difficult weapon to detect in influence campaigns.

In Japan, a parliamentarian questioned the prime minister at the end of March with questions proposed by ChatGPT. In France, the robot drafted an amendment to the 2024 Olympic Games bill.

Even French President Emmanuel Macron mentioned on Twitter recently the artificial intelligence of OpenAI, posting a screenshot of an exchange with the chatbot that considered Europe “competitive” in the race for innovation.

The American technology behind ChatGPT was not designed to make such judgments, because it only responds with the most appropriate words to a request, so can alternately hold opposite positions.

The popularity of artificial intelligence (AI) earned Macron ridicule from the general secretary of the CGT union, Sophie Binet, who stated that the president’s television statements to try to defuse the social crisis caused by the pension reform “could have been made by ChatGPT.”

French President Emmanuel Macron recently mentioned that he had an exchange with the OpenAI chatbot (Susan Walsh via REUTERS)
French President Emmanuel Macron recently mentioned that he had an exchange with the OpenAI chatbot (Susan Walsh via REUTERS) (POOL/)

Politicians try to take advantage of the possibilities of the robot, which had more than 100 million active users at the beginning of the year, just two months after its launch.

According to Pascal Marchand, professor of information sciences at the University of Toulouse, AIs like ChatGPT “are capable of generating speeches that are very faithful” to the traditional ideological markers of politicians.

But by not being able to innovate, they are less relevant for the parties that want to “adapt to the situation and have a discourse in keeping with the times”.

conservative or socialist AI

The most right-wing parties believe that ChatGPT is “woke” (a term used derogatorily by conservative sectors towards an alleged complacency of the left with the claims of minorities) and that is impregnated with the liberal and progressive values ​​of Silicon Valley.

In France, the president of the National Rally (RN) party, Jordan Bardella, is raising the specter of “another great replacement” of artificial intelligence on the networks, referring to an alleged demographic “great replacement” plan that some sectors of the far-right attribute to the waves of migration to Europe.

OpenAI, or its competitors like Bard (developed by Google), have no doubt biasesas a result of its training from a large corpus of texts and filters added by its creators to limit the generation of objectionable comments.

Stock photo of a ChatGPT conversation screen on a notebook
File photo of a ChatGPT conversation screen on a notebook (Gabby Jones/)

In New Zealand, the researcher David Rozado designed, without publishing it, the robot RightWingGPTan AI trained to produce a conservative argument, supporting the traditional family, Christian values ​​and the free market.

Elon Musk, the new head of Twitter and an investor in OpenAI, said in an interview during the launch of the start-up that he wanted to launch TruthGPTa less “politically correct” AI than ChatGPT.

For his part, The Chinese government enacted rules for generative AI to “reflect core socialist values.”

“If someone develops a conversational robot that always goes in the same direction, it will be able to provide language elements to convinced people but it will interest much fewer people”, judges Pascal Marchand, for whom it is not worth “to fantasize too much about the massive manipulation that this medium could represent”.

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