The last eight years have been warmest ever recordedeven with the cooling influence of a weather pattern of The girl since 2020, the European Union’s climate monitoring service reported on Tuesday.
According to him Copernicus Climate Change Servicethe average temperatures of 2022the year in which there was a cascade of unprecedented natural disasters that climate change made more likely and deadly, make it the fifth warmest year since records began in the 19th century.
Pakistan and the north of India were scorched by a two-month spring heat wave with sustained temperatures well above 40 degrees Celsius, followed in Pakistan by floods that covered a third of the country, affected 33 million people and caused some 30,000 million dollars in damages and economic losses.
France, Britain, Spain and Italy set new average temperature records by 2022, and Europe as a whole endured the second hottest year in its historynoted Copernicus in an annual report.
Heat waves across the continent were exacerbated by severe weather conditions drought.
The European temperatures have risen by more than twice the global average in the last 30 yearsand the region presents the highest rate of increase of all the continents on the planet.
“2022 was another year of climate extremes in Europe and in the world,” he declared. Samantha BurgessDeputy Director of the Copernicus Climate Change Service.
“These events highlight that we are already experiencing the devastating consequences of our warming world.
large swaths of middle east, China, Central Asia and the north of Africa they also recorded record-high average heat throughout 2022.
China Y Europe Western countries reported negative repercussions on the farmingthe River transport and the management of the Energy related to weather conditions.
No signs of slowing down
The polar regions of the Land they also recorded record temperatures last year.
The remote station Vostokinside the east antarcticareached a relatively comfortable temperature of 17.7ºC below zerothe warmest ever measured in its 65-year history.
The Antarctic sea ice reached in February, during the southern summer, its minimum extension in the 44 years of satellite records.
At the other end of the globe, greenland experienced in September temperatures 8ºC above averageaccelerating the loss of the ice sheet, which has become one of the main factors contributing to sea level rise.
According to Copernicus, the hottest years on record in the world so far are, in descending order, 2016, 2020, 2019 and 2017.
The atmospheric concentrations of the two main greenhouse gases that cause global warming, carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), too they continued to rise for decades until they reached record levels.
levels of CO2 went up to 417 parts per millionthe highest level in more than two million years.
Methane rose to 1,894 parts per trillion to levels not seen in 800,000 years.
“Atmospheric concentrations continue to rise no signs of slowing downsaid Vincent-Henri Peuch, Director of the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service.
A world that barely exceeds pre-industrial levels by 1.2ºC has already been shaken by heat waves, droughts and record temperaturesand heads towards some disastrous 2.8 ºC above that reference point.
The Paris Agreementagreed to by nearly every nation in the world in 2015, calls for limit global warming to 1.5ºCwhich scientists say would limit the climate impact to manageable levels.
But CO2 and CH4 emissions from the production and use of fossil fuels – the main driver of warming – have continued to rise, even as the decarbonisation of the global economy has accelerated.
(With information from AFP)
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