Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh: Armenia urged Azerbaijan to sign a peace agreement “as soon as possible”

Nikol Pashinian, Prime Minister of Armenia (Sputnik/Dmitry Astakhov/Pool via REUTERS) (SPUTNIK/)

Armenia This Sunday he advocated signing a peace agreement “as soon as possible” with Azerbaijanalthough he ruled out the possibility of it being signed during the III Summit of the European Political Communitywhich will be held in October in the Spanish city of Granada.

“I would very much like to say yes, that we signed in Granada, but that is not the case”said the prime minister Nikol Pashinian about the possibility of this document being signed in Granada. “If there are plans for this, it would mean that we consider that the document corresponds to the balanced interests of Armenia, and we would be willing to do so,” he said.

“We have said that the peace agenda is our priority and we want to sign a peace agreement with Azerbaijan as soon as possible, at the end of the year or early next year. We will do everything possible for this,” said the president, before saying that he would “very much” like this to happen in Granada.

Thus, he stressed that the Armenian authorities will continue working “intensely” to “achieve a solution to the problem,” while warning about the humanitarian crisis in the Nagorno Karabakh region due to Azerbaijan’s blockade of the Lachin corridorwhich connects Armenia with the territory.

Pashinian pointed out that this situation is having a negative impact on the peace process and once again demanded an unblocking of the road, before arguing that “the longer the signing of the agreement is postponed, the worse it will be in terms of political commitment,” as reported. the armenian news agency Armenpress.

Azerbaijani soldiers control the border crossing in Lachin, Nagorno-Karabakh, without allowing food or medicine to pass through to the Armenian population (Europa Press)
Azerbaijani soldiers control the border crossing in Lachin, Nagorno-Karabakh, without allowing food or medicine to pass through to the Armenian population (Europa Press) (AZERBAI MINISTRY OF DEFENSE/)

Last week the Armenian prime minister denounced that Azerbaijan concentrates troops along the border and around Nagorno-Karabakh. He called on the international community to adopt measures to avoid a “new outbreak” in the region. He added that Baku has accentuated its “anti-Armenian rhetoric” and continues its “policy of territorial claims” towards Armenia.

For its part, The European Union civilian observer mission in Armenia (EUMA) has increased its patrol activities in two border regions between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the east and south of the country due to increased tensions.

According to Karabakh authorities, the Azerbaijani blockade and the lack of food and medicine it has produced are the cause of one in three deaths in the region.

The meeting between Pashinian and Aliev in Granada is expected to also be attended by the leaders of France, Germany and the president of the European Council, Charles Michelwhich has mediated more than one meeting between the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan.

Since December 12, 2022, Baku forces have kept closed the “road of life” that linked Armenia with Nagorno Karabakh and that was to remain open under an agreement on the ceasefire that ended the 2020 war in the one that Azerbaijan won.

Ilham Aliev, president of Azerbaijan (EFE)
Ilham Aliev, president of Azerbaijan (EFE) (Céline Aemisegger/)

During the last hours, Armenia and Azerbaijan once again exchanged accusations of violating the 2020 ceasefire, which ended the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War – after that of 1994 -.

Since then, both countries have made various contacts to try to sign a peace agreement, although the talks have encountered various obstacles, including the situation around the Lachin corridor, which connects Armenia with the self-proclaimed republic of Artsakh. The area has the presence of Russian soldiers deployed as peacekeepers under the aforementioned ceasefire agreement.

Nagorno Karabakh, self-proclaimed independent in 1991, has since been the bone of contention between Armenia and Azerbaijan, which fought two wars, one in the early 1990s that ended with the Armenian victory and another in 2020, in which the Azerbaijanis.

As a result of the most recent conflict, Baku recovered more than two-thirds of territory in and around the mountainous region that They had been declared a security zone by Yerevanalthough Armenia had to maintain communication with the enclave through the Lachin corridor.

(With information from Europa Press and EFE)