At least four people died this Thursday in the framework of the demonstrations to call for a civil government and against the coup in Sudan, which have been taking place in the capital, Khartoum, for weeks.
This has been confirmed by the Sudan Medical Committee through its account on the social network Twitter, where it has detailed that all the victims have died from the use of ammunition.
With this figure, the death toll in the protests against the coup and the agreement reached between the Sudanese prime minister, Abdala Hamdok, and the military junta to be reinstated has risen to 52, according to figures provided by the Doctors Committee.
Sudan’s security forces have used tear gas to disperse protesters, injuring dozens of them, according to the news agency Bloomberg.
Protests have taken place in the country since the coup, led by the head of the Army and president of the Sovereign Transitional Council, Abdelfata al Burhan. The coup dissolved the government of Abdala Hamdok, appointed following the overthrow of Al Bashir in April 2019 after weeks of protests against him.
However, international pressure led to an agreement for Hamdok to return to office, although part of the Executive and the main civil partners in the coalition have rejected this pact and they have accused the prime minister of holding negotiations with the coup plotters despite the repression of protests against the coup, which left dozens of deaths in the African country.
Sudan was the scene in mid-September of an attempted coup by a group of Armed Forces officers allegedly linked to Al Bashir, which was followed by an increase in tensions between the civilian and military elements of the transitional authorities which led to the Al Burhan coup.
The transitional authorities were established after an agreement between the previous military junta, which emerged after the 2019 coup, and various civil organizations and opposition political formations. This Government had initiated a battery of social and economic reforms and has reached a peace agreement with important rebel groups in Darfur and other areas of the country.
The African Union wants to solve the crisis in Somalia
For his part, this Thursday the president of the African Union (AU) Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, called for a “dialogue” between the prime minister and the president of Somalia to find “a political solution” to their problems, after an escalation of tensions.
According to a statement from the UA, Mahamat is following “with deep concern” the “serious political tension in Somalia”, exacerbated on the 27th, when the Somali president, Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo, ordered the suspension of the prime minister’s powers Mohamed Hussein Roble.
After the president’s move – who pointed out the prime minister as the alleged person responsible for a corruption case – Roble and several opponents accused Farmaajo of having tried to carry out a coup.
Farmaajo’s announcement caused a strong military deployment in Mogadishu, the capital, and members of the Armed Forces tried to prevent the prime minister from accessing his offices, located in the compound of the presidential residence, known as Villa Somalia.
For its part, through Twitter, Roble’s office qualified the Somali president’s decision as “a failed attempt to take over the Prime Minister’s Office militarily” and “a violation of the Constitution and other laws.”
The presidential elections of this country in the horn of Africa, already postponed several times, were scheduled again for October 10, but they could not be held due to political disagreements.
The lower house of Parliament approved on February 12 to extend the term of President Farmaajo for two years – which had expired four days before – but the Senate declared that movement unconstitutional because it lacked the consensus of both chambers.
This situation triggered a great political crisis, and on April 25, clashes between opposing factions of the Army – in favor and against the extension of the mandate – left at least 13 dead and 22 injured in Mogadishu, as confirmed to EFE medical sources.
At the end of April, Farmaajo resigned to extend his mandate and ordered Roble to direct the preparation and development of the elections.
Already last September, a new escalation of tension between the two caused Farmaajo to suspend Roble’s powers to appoint and remove public officials, a measure that the prime minister rejected, accusing Farmaajo of “misinterpreting” articles of the Constitution.
The systematic postponement of elections is a distraction from notable problems for the country, such as the fight against the jihadist group Al Shabab, which controls rural areas in the center and south and wants to establish a Wahhabi-style (ultra-conservative) Islamic State in Somalia.
Somalia has lived in a state of conflict and chaos since 1991, when the dictator Mohamed Siad Barre was overthrown, leaving the country without an effective government and in the hands of warlords and Islamist militias, such as Al Shabab.
(With information from EFE and Europa Press)
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