Europe commits to reduce its emissions by 40% by 2030

Each member country must take individual actions to reduce greenhouse gases each year

The European Parliament approved this Wednesday the new Effort Sharing Regulation, with which it seeks to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as much as possible by 2030. With 486 votes in favor, 132 against and 10 abstentions, it was approved to set annual reductions for road transport, building heating, agriculture, small industrial facilities and waste management.

The document establishes, specifically for each Member State of the European Union, how much they will have to reduce in the following seven years. It also increases the greenhouse gas reduction target from 30% to 40%, compared to 2005 levels.

The 2030 targets for each Member State are calculated based on their GDP per capita and cost-effectiveness. Member States will also have to ensure each year that they will not exceed their annual emissions allowance, as a way of protecting and preserving the environment. energy transition

The law achieves a balance between the need for flexibility so that countries can achieve their objectives without renouncing a fair transition -also at a social level- and the need to remedy the gaps that hinder compliance with the general objective of reductions of the European Union .

This is the reason why a cap is placed on the amount of emissions that Member States can save for the following years, so they must take into account those that will correspond to them or trade them with other Member States.

The Commission will make public, in an easily accessible format, information on national actions, as requested by Parliament, to ensure transparency and accountability of Member States.

The text now requires ratification by the Council. It will then be published in the Official Journal of the European Union and will enter into force 20 days later.