The West has long been denouncing that Iranafter his departure from the pact with USAresumed his nuclear program and, with it, his ambitions to get hold of a weapon of mass destruction.
Middle Eastern experts and European intelligence agencies warned that the Islamic Republic would be so far along in its plans that could already be close to a possible first nuclear test.
Israeli Brigadier General Yossi Kuperwasser, a senior fellow at the country’s Defense Security Forum, assured The Jerusalem Post that “Iran is clearly committed to its nuclear weapons plan” and added that “European intelligence reports describe Iranian covert efforts to shorten the deadlines for its nuclear arsenal by illegal acquisition of equipment and know-how from various European countries”.
The Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI) collected and published the conclusions of the reports of the services of the Netherlands, Sweden and Germany in which, in addition to exposing the regime’s progress, they emphasized the maneuvers that the country’s authorities have carried out all these years to evade sanctions and obtain illicit technology.
He Netherlands General Security and Intelligence Service (AVID) was one of the agencies included in the report and the one that most emphasized that the speed with which the Persian regime advanced in the uranium purification “On the option of a possible first Iranian nuclear test.”
Specifically, the agency reported that during 2022, Iran went ahead with its nuclear program, “increasing its reserves of uranium enriched to 20% and 60 percent”which, by means of centrifuges, can reach a higher enrichment, close to 90% needed for a nuclear weapon.
The document even states that “Iran continues to ignore the agreements reached within the framework of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and, by deploying increasingly sophisticated uranium enrichment centrifuges, it is expanding its enrichment capacity.”
However, as explained Kuperwasserthese results would not be possible were it not for a series of maneuvers and operations at the same time, which allow the authorities to obtain the latest technology, “products and knowledge for the production of weapons of mass destruction, their delivery systems, other weapons or elements of new weapons systems”, even despite the sanctions that the Western powers have imposed on the country.
In that sense, the Swedish Security Service concluded that “Iran is engaged in industrial espionage, mainly targeting Swedish high-tech industry and Swedish products that they may use in the nuclear weapons program”while the Danish intelligence agency (PET) also pointed out that the Iranians have tried purchase Danish products and technologies – even through third countries.
The Federal Office for the Protection of the German Constitution noted these allegations in its report.
“The authorities for the protection of the Constitution were able to find, in 2022, a consistently high number of indications of proliferation-relevant acquisition attempts by Iran for its nuclear programs”the document reads, although Kuperwasser said that “the reports (from European agencies) only expose part of the Iranian efforts in Europe and it would be prudent to assume that many of those efforts have remained clandestine.”
The PET insisted that “they have been imposed international sanctions to Iran due to its nuclear and missile programs, human rights violations and arms sales to Russia” although these, according to the expert, have been ineffective.
In their eyes, the United States and other powers have mutated their efforts to impose punishments on get a tentative deal with the Persian regimehence they are “rewarding Iran with a new ‘understanding’ and would only encourage it to continue and increase its efforts to obtain the necessary components of nuclear weapons”.
“Iran is likely to interpret Western policy towards it as a sign of weakness as European and US actions against Iran have been passive and not very intimidating,” he said.
Tehran had signed a nuclear deal with Washington in 2015 but it came to an end when, unilaterally, in 2018 the then president donald trump decided to withdraw and re-impose sanctions on the country. In his view, the JCPOA failed to curb Iran’s ambitions to expand its nuclear weapons device or stop its position as the worst state sponsor of terrorism.
However, with the advent of Joe Biden to the White House, the position of the North American giant changed and focused on once again obtaining a space for negotiations with the Persian authorities, although with little success. Some of the sanctions were even suspended, with the aim of facilitating the talks.
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