Canada, Sweden, Ukraine and the United Kingdom They filed a complaint this Monday with the United Nations civil aviation agency against Iran for the 2020 plane crash in which 176 people died.
In a joint statement, the four countries – all of them with citizens on board the flight – accused Tehran of “using weapons against a civil aircraft in flight, in breach of its international legal obligations.”
Four years after the tragedy, countries have opened a “dispute resolution procedure” before the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) of the UN in Montreal, Canada.
The Canadian Prime Minister, Justin Trudeausaid the move was “an important step” in his commitment to “ensure that the families of the victims affected by this tragedy get the justice they deserve.”
ICAO did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The 176 people who were on board the flight Ukraine International Airlines -mostly Canadians and Iranians- died when the Boeing 737-800 It was shot down shortly after takeoff from Tehran on January 8, 2020.
Three days later, Iran admitted that its military had shot the kyiv-bound plane with two surface-to-air missiles by mistake.
“For four years, Iran has refused to take full legal responsibility for the downing of flight PS752, despite our numerous attempts to engage in negotiations,” Canada, Sweden, Ukraine and the United Kingdom said in the statement.
In July, the group of countries filed an appeal with the international Court of Justice so that Iran compensate the families of the victims.
For this reason, they have stressed that they have sent a request to the Council of the organization to rule on the matter in accordance with article 84 of the Chicago Convention, which allows any member state raise a petition about any unresolved dispute.
In this sense, they have indicated that this procedure reflects their “commitment to families who deserve justice,” as well as with the Council and the international community. “It is necessary that those who violate the rules be held accountable,” they have insisted.
The governments of Canada, Sweden, Ukraine and the United Kingdom already formalized another complaint in July 2023 against Iran before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for the downing of the plane.
The commander of the Tor M-1 air defense system, sentenced to thirteen years in prison, He thought that flight PS752 was a cruise missile, so he ordered it to be fired despite not having authorization and despite the fact that it went against established protocols. Two surface-to-air missiles were launched that brought down the device.
Three days after the tragedy, the Iranian regime acknowledged that it shot down the plane “by mistake” amid tension over the death of an Iranian general in a US attack on Iraqi soil. Qasem Soleimani, architect of the foreign policy of the Islamic Republic.
(With information from EP and AFP)