The OECD countries are far from meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) that the international community set for the 2030 horizonespecially in reducing social inequalities, those between men and women, as well as mitigating climate change.
In the fourth evaluation report of the SDGs published this Wednesday, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) highlights that one in eight inhabitants of its member countries is in a situation of monetary poverty and that proportion has not decreased in recent decades.
Some groups, such as women, youth or immigrants, have to face greater difficulties than the rest of the population.
In this regard, it states that although there has been “significant progress, women’s rights and opportunities remain limited in both the private and public spheres”.
In addition, inequalities are aggravated with “unhealthy behaviors” such as malnutrition or smokingwhich are more frequent among modest socioeconomic categories, as well as due to disparities in education.
According to the authors of the report, at least the 25% of the goals for 12 of the 17 goals.
But at the same time, none are close to being met when it comes to gender equality, climate action and reducing economic inequalities.
Another problem pointed out in the report is that “trust in institutions has been on the decline for a long time in developed countries”, especially considering the importance of such trust and transparency for a society to be able to absorb the shocks and recover quickly.
The OECD considers that progress on the SDGs has been “seriously hampered” by the COVID crisis. Above all because “it has also exacerbated some structural weaknesses” that affect their countries, has altered the functioning of institutions and has put pressure on the sources of public financing.
Your General Secretary, Mathias Cormanindicated in this regard that the Increased social and economic imbalances complicate the achievement of a good number of the goals of sustainable developmentbecause job prospects and living standards have deteriorated.
However, the pandemic also raised “some positive developments”. For example, the contraction of activity was translated by a “temporary” environmental improvementdue to the reduction of polluting emissions.
The 17 SDGs, which are broken down into 169 goals for 2030, were adopted in September 2015 at the United Nations General Assembly unanimously of its Member States with the idea of launching a general mobilization for a better world.
They are articulated around five axes referring to the peoples, the planet, prosperity, peace and alliancesand for the most part are based on previous international agreements.
(With information from EFE)
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