How does an insulin overdose occur?

Sweating, drowsiness, and tremors are some early symptoms of an insulin overdose.

For most people with diabetes, insulin use is a daily practice that does not require great skill. However, it should not be underestimated, since excess or deficit of insulin therapy can compromise the patient’s life.

  • Some of the causes of insulin overdose are as follows:
  • Excessive dose in calculation.
  • Use of an inappropriate type of insulin.
  • Multiple loads without a prescription.
  • Do not eat food after application.
  • Administration in the legs or arms before exercising, as absorption is accelerated.
  • In these cases, excess insulin in the body, also called hyperinsulinemia, accelerates sugar metabolism. Consequently, blood glucose levels will drop and the body will enter a state of hypoglycemia, leaving vital organs without their energy supply.

common symptoms

Insulin overdose manifests as an acute picture of hypoglycemia. Symptoms usually come on quickly and, in mild cases, include:

  • Irritability.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Confusion.
  • Anxiety and depression.
  • Tremors and weakness.
  • Sweating and chills.
  • Numbness in the lips.
  • Dizziness and nausea.
  • palpitations.
  • Double or blurred vision.

On the other hand, there are cases of overdose called insulin shocks, with very severe hypoglycemia that compromises the patient’s life.

They represent a medical emergency and include the following manifestations:

  • Loss of consciousness.
  • respiratory distress.
  • Loss of coordination.
  • Trouble concentrating.