Acting Executive Director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), Tirana Hassanasked the UN on Thursday for a clear complaint of the abuses of the Chinese regime in the Xinjiang region, where the Uyghur minority of the Muslim confession resides, and defended that this matter will not be resolved with negotiations with Beijing, but with investigations and surrender of counts.
“The talks with China are not a solution to the crisis in Xinjiang. Accountability for the crimes that have been committed is the solution.”Hassan said at a press conference at the United Nations headquarters.
For HRW, it is essential that the United Nations continue the work based on the report presented last year by the then High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bacheletin which it was considered that China could commit crimes against humanity against the Uyghurs and other Muslim ethnic minorities, by applying policies that have involved their mass arbitrary detention and other serious abuses against them.
That document, published minutes after Bachelet finished her term, was strongly criticized by the Xi Jinping regime, which later managed to block a debate on this issue at the UN Human Rights Council.
After leaving office, Bachelet admitted that she had received strong political pressure not to publish the reportwhich organizations like HRW had been demanding for a long time.
Hassan asked the international community for pressure to get a commission of inquiry into Xinjiang launched and, meanwhile, called on the UN to continue documenting the abuses.
In this sense, she was opposed to holding discreet negotiations with China -which she said would be the path favored by Beijing- and she bet that the matter be openly addressed in the Human Rights Council and clearly denounced by the UN Secretary General. , Antonio Guterresand other senior officials.
In this sense, he regretted Guterres’s lack of frankness regarding the alleged Chinese crimes against humanity, which he considered “one of the most urgent human rights crises” today.
“No country, no matter how powerful, like China, should have a free hand”he insisted.
The investigation published last year by the UN confirmed that Chinese anti-terrorism legislation led to the “large-scale deprivation of liberty” of Muslim minorities from at least 2017 to 2019 and gave credibility to allegations of torture.
Since then the pattern seems to have changed and the detention centers – called by the government “vocational education centers” – have been reduced in size and number, but arrests continue to occur through criminal proceedings that result in the imprisonment of mostly Uyghurs.
Various investigations indicate that up to a million members of these minorities were confined in these compounds for different periods, according to Beijing to “de-radicalize” them.
Last Monday, a UN committee expressed its concern about China’s treatment of the Muslim minorityincluding the use of forced labor of the uighursin a sweeping report ratcheting up pressure on Beijing over the human rights.
The findings of the UN-appointed group of independent experts follow a series of hearings in Geneva last month, in which rights groups raised a number of issues, including Beijing’s COVID-19 policies. , the treatment of human rights defenders and their Muslim minority.
The UN Committee, made up of 18 people and charged with supervising compliance with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, expressed concern about the “numerous indications of coercive measures, including forced labor”against ethnic minorities, including the Uyghurs.
With information from EFE
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