Iran: the bloody timeline of a regime of death and repression

According to the Oslo-based NGO Iran Human Rights, after the wave of protests in Tehran and other regions at least 481 people died, some 14,000 were detained and four others were executed. (AP) (Uncredited/)

The death in police custody of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish girl, arrested for the call Morale Police More than four months ago, it unleashed the anger and frustration of the Iranian population who took to the streets to demand the resignation of the regime and to reject its repressive and orthodox policies.

The regime responded to the demands of its people with a bloody repression in which, according to the NGO Iranian Human Rights, Based in Oslo, at least 481 people were killed, some 14,000 were detained and four others were executed for their links to the protests.

The chronology of events:

September 16, 2022: death of Mahsa Amini

September 16, 2022: death of Mahsa Amini.  (Reuters)
September 16, 2022: death of Mahsa Amini. (REUTERS) (DILARA SENKAYA /)

Amini, an Iranian woman of Kurdish origin, dies in hospital after being detained three days earlier by the Morale Police, a unit that enforces women’s dress regulations, including the mandatory hijab, or headscarf.

September 17: first protests

September 17: first protests.  (Reuters)
September 17: first protests. (REUTERS) (Wana News Agency /)

Amini is buried in her hometown of saqezon the kurdistan province, in northwestern Iran. police shoot tear gas to disperse a demonstration that follows the funeral procession.

In the following days, the hashtag #Masha_Amini accumulates more than a million tweetsincluding several videos of iranian women cutting their hair to protest his death.

September 20: first deaths

iran kurdish protests1920
September 20: first deaths. (AFP)

Three people die during protests in the kurdistan province.

Videos posted on social media show women removing their hijabs and chanting “Woman, life, freedom” or “Death to the dictator,” a slogan addressed to the Ayatollah. Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran.

September 22: social networks censored

September 22: social networks censored.  (Reuters)
September 22: social networks censored. (REUTERS) (RAQUEL CUNHA /)

Iran blocks access to Instagram and WhatsAppthe two most used platforms in the country, and imposes drastic restrictions on Internet access.

USA includes the Moral Police on its black list of sanctions. Canada, the European Union and the United Kingdom are not slow to follow suit.

September 23: counter-demonstrations

September 23: counter-demonstrations.  (Reuters)
September 23: counter-demonstrations. (REUTERS) (WANA NEWS AGENCY /)

Thousands of people take part in pro-hijab counter-demonstrations in Tehran and other cities, responding to an appeal by the Iranian regime.

The next day, the president Ebrahim Raisi urges a “decisive action” to end the anti-hijab protests.

October 3: Khamenei accuses the United States

October 3: Khamenei accuses the United States.  (Reuters)
October 3: Khamenei accuses the United States. (REUTERS) (DILARA SENKAYA /)

One day before, students clash with security forces at Tehran Sharif University of Technology.

The next day, Khamenei accuses the United States and Israel of foment “riots”.

Days later, the students organize several protests. The women burn scarves and shout slogans against the Islamic Republic.

October 10: Oil workers strike

October 10: strike of oil workers.  (Reuters)
October 10: strike of oil workers. (REUTERS) (Raheb Homavandi /)

The protests spread to the oil sector, with strikes and demonstrations in various cities.

Lawyers, merchants and teachers soon join the demonstrations

October 15: fire in a prison

October 15: fire in a prison.  (Reuters)
October 15: fire in a prison. (REUTERS) (WANA NEWS AGENCY /)

A fire breaks out during clashes in the evin prisonin Tehran, where hundreds of detainees for the demonstrations are being held.

in the fire eight inmates dieaccording to the authorities.

October 26: Mass rally in Mahsa Amini’s hometown

protests in iran
October 26: Mass rally in Mahsa Amini’s hometown. (AFP) (-/)

Crowds flock to Mahsa Amini’s hometown to pay homage at his gravemarking the end of the traditional period of 40 day mourning

When protests break out, Iranian security forces open fire on crowdaccording to the human rights group Hengaw.

December 8: First execution

Mohammad-Mehdi Karami and Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini
December 8: first execution.

Iranian regime carries out its first protest-related execution, hanging a man sentenced to death for blocking a street and wound a paramilitary.

followed by a second run on December 12 Y another two on January 7.

Until January 21, the judiciary has confirmed a total of 18 death sentences in connection with the protests, according to an account by the news agency AFP based on official announcements.

January 10, 2023: sanctions against clothing

January 10, 2023: sanctions against clothing. (AFP) (OZAN KOSE /)

Iranian judiciary orders police to “firmly punish” women who violate the dress code and urges the courts to apply penalties that include “exile” for offenders.

(With information from AFP)

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