The reality of digital transformation that we are experiencing in almost all areas as a result of the pandemic is undeniable, because due to the existing confinement measures, many of our daily activities had to move to virtual environments. Thes large organizations, aware of this reality, were in charge of enhancing their pages and taking advantage of this trend to generate more income; Nevertheless, for small and medium-sized companies this turn to digital was much more radical, and it is in this transformation process that the risks existing on the web became more latent for everyone.
According to a Microsoft study carried out in Colombia, 98 percent of SMEs (small and medium-sized companies) affirm that their digital transformation process accelerated during the pandemic, as a result of this, 80 percent say that cybersecurity has been has become a priority because according to the research, at least half have been the victim of a malicious attack, for this reason, more and more technologies and policies are being adopted aimed at protecting their businesses in the digital world.
For Logicalis, a technology solutions company, the risk is latent for both companies and consumers, as Iván Guzmán, business Development Manager – Security of said company, makes an account of some of the most popular forms of theft that seek to deceive both companies and consumers.
Website spoofing: This technique uses fake pages created by groups of cybercriminals to steal personal information or certain credentials. This type of fake pages can be passed off through transactional portals, financial institutions, online purchases, among others.
Social engineering: Through this modality, people receive a call from a person posing as a bank official or an official position to request personal data in order to solve a problem, for example, the unblocking of a bank account or the solution of a service.
Phishing: It is perhaps one of the most common practices, this consists of the theft of data through emails that contain links that lead to false portals or download viruses. This modality or technique is one of those that most affects companies, since it is only enough for an employee to run a virus for an entire business network to become infected and fall victim to data loss or “ransomware”, which consists of an intentional hijacking of databases in order to charge a large sum of money for their recovery.
These three examples are just a few but they are sufficient proof that the attacks have different facets, contexts and have different degrees of complexity, since Guzmán assures that due to the digitization that caused the pandemic, cyberattacks increased exponentially: “only in Colombia, in some moments, their growth exceeded 300%. The crime with the most complaints was the spoofing of websites for theft of personal data ”, he explained.
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