More than 100 former leaders asked to charge Iranian regime officials with crimes against humanity

An executioner prepares a noose for an execution in Iran. (EFE) (EPA/)

At least 107 former world leaders signed an open letter in support of Iranian pro-democracy protesters, and demanded to blacklist the Revolutionary Guard (IRGC).

This request is made this Tuesday, by means of a collective letter, a few days after the regime executed three protesters. The initiative is carried out by world leaders representing 45 nations.

Iran’s regime executed three men on Friday convicted of participating in protests over the death of Mahsa Amini last year, drawing condemnation from Western governments.

Majid Kazemi, Saleh Mirashemi and Saeed Yaghoubi They were found guilty of “moharebeh” – or waging a “war against God” – for allegedly shooting dead three members of the security forces at a demonstration in the central city of Isfahan on November 16, the judiciary reported. he said on his news website Mizan Online.

During the protests, which Tehran called foreign-instigated “riots,” thousands of Iranians were arrested and hundreds were killed, including dozens of security personnel.

Friday’s hangings bring to seven the total number of Iranians executed in connection with the demonstrations.

Iranian protesters shout slogans during a protest.  (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi)
Iranian protesters shout slogans during a protest. (AP Photo/Vahid Salemi) (Vahid Salemi/)

The collective letter of 107 former heads of state asked the leaders of Canada, the EU, the UK and the US to demand that the “leadership of the Islamic Republic of Iran be held accountable for its crimes.”

“We encourage you to stand in solidarity with the people of Iran in their desire for a secular and democratic republic where no individual, regardless of religion or birthright, has any privilege over others. Through their slogans, the Iranian people have made it clear that they reject all forms of dictatorship, be it that of the deposed Shah or the current theocratic regime, and therefore reject any association with either,” the open letter states. .

“We believe that it is up to the Iranian people to decide their future. However, we recognize that for four decades, the democratic National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) coalition has constantly and tirelessly sought democratic change. In this regard, we believe that the Ten Point Plan articulated by NCRI President Ms. Maryam Rajavi deserves support. His commitment to free elections, freedom of assembly and expression, the abolition of the death penalty, gender equality, the separation of religion and state, the autonomy of Iran’s ethnic groups and a non-nuclear Iran is in line with our own democratic values,” the letter says.

The signatories to the letter include 50 former presidents, 47 former prime ministers, one former foreign minister and nine other former heads of state from around the world. Two former presidents of the European Commission and three Nobel Peace Prize winners are among those who signed it.

European signatories include former prime ministers of the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Poland, Spain and Ukraine. In South America, they include former presidents of Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico and two former General Secretaries of the Organization of American States (OAS). Other signatories are two former Prime Ministers of Canada.

“Decades of apparent silence and inaction by the international community have helped fuel a culture of impunity in Iran. Since the 1980s, the Iranian authorities have executed tens of thousands of protesters and political prisoners. Tragically, in the summer of 1988 alone, more than 30,000 political prisoners, the vast majority of whom were members of the opposition MEK, were brutally massacred,” the letter reads.

“We urge your nations to support the Iranian people in their quest for change and to take decisive action against the current regime. This includes blacklisting the Revolutionary Guard (IRGC) and holding regime officials accountable for their crimes against humanity.”

The European Union condemned the executions “in the strongest possible terms,” ​​foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said in a statement.

He called on Tehran to “refrain from applying the death penalty and from carrying out future executions,” adding that the authorities must comply with “their obligations under international law” and respect “the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly.”

The list of signatories:

Jean Claude Juncker – Former Prime Minister, Luxembourg; former president of the European Commission

Romano Prodi – Former Prime Minister, Italy; former president of the European Commission

Lech Wałęsa – Former President of Poland; Nobel Peace Prize

Juan Manuel Santos – Former President, Colombia; Nobel Peace Prize

Former President Juan Manuel Santos highlighted his achievements in the health system in a book (Colprensa - Álvaro Tavera)
Former President Juan Manuel Santos (Colprensa – Álvaro Tavera)

Oscar Arias Sánchez – Former President, Costa Rica; Nobel Peace Prize

Liz Truss – Former Prime Minister, United Kingdom

Bernard Cazeneuve – Former Prime Minister, France

Yulia Tymoshenko – Former Prime Minister, Ukraine

Stephen Harper – Former Prime Minister, Canada

Miguel Ángel Rodríguez Echeverría – Former President, Costa Rica; Former Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS)

César Gaviria – Former President, Colombia: Former Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS)

Matteo Renzi – Former Prime Minister, Italy

Mariano Rajoy – Former Prime Minister, Spain

Former Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Isabel Infantes - Europa Press
Former Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy Isabel Infantes – Europa Press (Isabel Infantes /)

Janez Janša – Former Prime Minister, Slovenia

Aníbal Cavaco Silva – Former President and Former Prime Minister, Portugal

Guy Verhofstadt – Former Prime Minister, Belgium

Mary McAleese – Former President, Ireland

Micheline Calmy-Rey – Former President, Switzerland

Heinz Fischer – Former President, Austria

Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca – Former President, Malta

Ricardo Lagos Escobar – Former President, Chile

Mauricio Macri – Former President, Argentina

Danilo Türk – Former President, Slovenia

Sebastián Piñera E. – Former President, Chile

Vicente Fox – Former President, Mexico

Vicente Fox (Annoyed)
Vicente Fox Photo: CUARTOSCURO

Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas – Former Prime Minister, Yemen

Carlos Alvarado Quesada – Former President, Costa Rica

Giuliano Amato – Former Prime Minister, Italy

Pedro Angulo Arana – Former Prime Minister, Peru

Andrus Ansip – Former Prime Minister, Estonia

Mercedes Aráoz – Former Prime Minister, Peru

Rosalía Arteaga Serrano – Former President, Ecuador

Alexandru Athanasiu – Former Prime Minister, Romania

José María Aznar – Former President of the Government, Spain

Gordon Bajnai – Former Prime Minister, Hungary

Nicolás Ardito Barletta – Former President, Panama

Jaume Bartumeu-Cassany – Former President of the Government, Andorra

Gian Nicola Berti – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Georgi Bliznashki – Former Prime Minister, Bulgaria

Emil Boc – Former Prime Minister, Romania

Luca Boschi – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Felipe Calderón – Former President, Mexico

Rafael Ángel Calderón Fournier – Former President, Costa Rica

Kim Campbell – Former Prime Minister, Canada

Miro Cerar – Former Prime Minister, Slovenia

Laura Chinchilla Miranda – Former President, Costa Rica

Matteo Ciacci – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Emil Constantinescu – Former President, Romania

Carlo Cottarelli – Former Prime Minister, Italy

Édith Cresson – Former Prime Minister, France

Iván Duque – Former President, Colombia

José María Figueres – Former President, Costa Rica

Ántero Flores-Aráoz E. – Former Prime Minister, Peru

Federico Franco – Former President, Paraguay

Mario Frick – Former Prime Minister, Liechtenstein

Carlos D. Mesa Gisbert – Former President, Bolivia

Lawrence Gonzi – Former Prime Minister, Malta

The former president of Bolivia, Carlos Mesa, .  REUTERS/Manuel Claure
The former president of Bolivia, Carlos Mesa, . REUTERS/Manuel Claure (MANUEL CLAURE/)

Dalia Grybauskaitė – Former President, Lithuania

Alfred Gusenbauer – Former Chancellor, Austria

Geir H. Haarde – Former Prime Minister, Iceland

Avdullah Hoti – Former Prime Minister, Kosovo

Osvaldo Hurtado – Former President, Ecuador

Toomas Hendrik Ilves – Former President, Estonia

Enda Kenny – Former Prime Minister, Ireland

Andrej Kiska – Former President, Slovakia

Bronisław Komorowski – Former President of Poland

Andrius Kubilius – Former Prime Minister, Lithuania

Milan Kučan – Former President, Slovenia

Aleksander Kwaśniewski – Former President, Poland

Zlatko Lagumdžija – Former Prime Minister, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Vytautas Landsbergis – Former Head of State, Lithuania

Yves Leterme – Former Prime Minister, Belgium

Moritz Leuenberger – Former President, Switzerland

Igor Lukšić – Former Prime Minister, Montenegro

Jamil Mahuad – Former President, Ecuador

Pandeli Majko – Former Prime Minister, Albania

Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz – Former Prime Minister, Poland

Moncef Marzouki – Former President, Tunisia

Giuseppe Maria Morganti – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Mireya Moscoso – Former President, Panama

Michele Muratori – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Joseph Muscat – Former Prime Minister, Malta

Jiří Paroubek – Former Prime Minister, Czech Republic

Pedro Passos Coelho – Former Prime Minister, Portugal

Andrés Pastrana – Former President, Colombia

Ernesto Pérez Balladares – Former President, Panama

Jorge Fernando Quiroga Ramírez – Former President, Bolivia

Iveta Radicova – Former Prime Minister, Slovakia

Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé – Former President, Bolivia

Taavi Rõivas – Former Prime Minister, Estonia

Petre Roman – Former Prime Minister, Romania

Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle – Former President, Chile

Francisco Sagasti – Former President, Peru

Francisco Sagasti was president of Peru from November 2020 to July 2021.
Francisco Sagasti was president of Peru from November 2020 to July 2021

Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera – Former President, Costa Rica

Vladimír Špidla – Former Prime Minister, Czech Republic

Hanna Suchocka – Former Prime Minister, Poland

Aníbal Torres Vásquez – Former Prime Minister, Peru

Aminata Touré – Former Prime Minister, Senegal

Elbegdorj Tsakhia – Former President and Former Prime Minister, Mongolia

Guntis Ulmanis – Former President, Latvia

Raimonds Vējonis – Former President, Latvia

Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga – Former President, Latvia

Juan Carlos Wasmosy – Former President, Paraguay

Andrea Zafferani – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Rosa Zafferani – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Guerrino Zanotti – Former Captain Regent, San Marino

Valdis Zatlers – Former President, Latvia

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