Cancer death figures in the United States showed a reduction as a result of early detection.
The risk of dying from cancer in the United States fell by almost a third in three decades, thanks to earlier diagnoses, better treatments and a fewer smokersaccording to a study released Wednesday.
The rate of deaths for cancer in men and women He fell in 32% between 1991 and 2019, equivalent to 3.5 million deaths averted, according to the American Cancer Society (ACS) in its annual report.
“This success is largely due to the fact that fewer people smoke, which resulted in a drop in lung cancers,” among others, he pointed out, specifying that lung cancer causes more death than any other.
And the pace keeps dropping. In the 1990s, the risk dropped to 1% per year. Between 2015 and 2019, the rate fell practically to two%.
“The accelerated decline in the cancer death rate shows the power of prevention, screening, early diagnosis, treatment, and our global potential to move closer to a world without cancer,” the report detailed.
“In recent years, more people with lung cancer are being diagnosed when the cancer is early and living longer as a result.”
In 2004, only twenty-one% of people diagnosed with lung cancer he was still alive at three years old. In 2018, the number grew to 31%. But there are persistent disparities.
According to the ACS, survival rate it is lower for blacks than for whites, in almost any type of cancer. Black women have 41% more chances of dying of breast cancer than white, although they have 4% less likely to get it.
And indigenous people have the highest incidence of Liver cancer of all major racial / ethnic groups in U.S: a risk that doubles that of whites.
The ACS attributes the difference to “inequities in health, education, and global standards of living”, derived from “discriminatory practices and historical and persistent racism ”.
Additionally, the pandemic “strongly reduced”The ability to access Health services for cancer, including prevention, detection and treatments.
“These delays in health will likely worsen disparities, given the unequal impact that the pandemic caused in communities of color,” said the report, which runs through 2019.
The Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States, behind heart problems.
In 2022, the ACS anticipates that 1.9 million new cancers and they will die 610 thousand people of the illness. Around 1,670 a day.
According to the organization, 42% of the diagnosed cancers are “potentially avoidable“, Caused by smoking, gaining weight, drinking alcohol or by poor nutrition or lack of physical activity.