Seven key technologies to win the next war

The next war will be fought in a high-tech battlefield. But what technologies will make the difference? where will you find USA a technological advantage? After an in-depth review of dozens of important emerging technologies, researchers at the think tank North American Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) identified the seven technologies that are most likely to make a significant difference in the success of the United States and its allies across the spectrum of conflicts over the next decade.

These are technologies that could define the fight against an almost even adversary.

Three of them are “sprint” technologiesin which as they explain The United States should aggressively pursue the advance “with considerable resources and concentrated commitment”: quantum sensing and computing, biotechnology, and secure and redundant communications networks.

CSIS identified three “sprint” and four “follow-up” technologies

And they identified four are “follow-on” technologies, in which the United States should “support and shape the efforts that are being made in the private sector.”: high-performance batteries, artificial intelligence/machine learning, space sensors and robotics.

“The consequences of failure in any of these technologies would be tremendous: they could make the difference between victory and defeat. This report aims to focus efforts on the areas that matter, through intelligence work, hybrid warfare, competition, and conflict, to prepare for today’s competition and future potential conflict.” Harding and Harshana Ghoorhoo.

As detailed, the world is accelerating. Adversaries like China seek to remake global power structures and compete with the United States for global influence. “The competitor that demonstrates a technological advantage on these fronts has an advantage in global influence and an advantage in the entire spectrum of the conflict, with the corresponding deterrent effect,” advances the report prepared by the CSIS security division.

Here are 7 technologies that will be critical to success across the spectrum of conflict:

1-Secure and redundant communications (“sprint”)

Tomorrow’s fight will depend heavily on communications. Joining forces, operations with allies, and even tactical coordination between dispersed units depend on secure, ever-present communications. CSIS believes long-distance combat will make communications even more critical.from the alert of incoming fire to the coordination with distant elements. High-end sensor arrays and real-time targeting data are only as effective as the communications network used to transfer the information from the sensor to the shooter.

2-Quantum technology (“sprint”)

Quantum technologies will revolutionize computing power, encryption and detection. Today’s encryption is so complex that it would take a modern computer thousands of years to crack it by force. Quantum computers could crack asymmetric encryption in a matter of minutes.

Quantum sensors, for their part, take advantage of the sensitivity of tiny particles to measure subtle changes in an environment, such as rotation, electromagnetic signals of any frequency, and temperature.

Quantum sensors could make possible a navigation system capable of working even in environments without GPS.

3-Bioengineering (“sprint”)

Bioengineering applies engineering principles of design and analysis to biological systems and biomedical technologies.

Includes the synthetic biotechnologywhich is a subfield focused on the creation of biological processes or biological compounds not found in nature.

Besides, incorporates genetic engineeringmodifying organisms in ways that produce a different behavior or outcome, and improved human biology.

Bioengineering applications are enormously varied, from turning bacteria into fuel-producing factories to creating genetically modified pathogens to target a specific population.

4-Space technology (“tracking”)

The enormous advances in in-orbit capabilities They will create a definite advantage in the space realm, including in-orbit resupply, in-orbit data processing, and resilient space architecture.

Hyperspectral and increasingly sensitive sensors mounted on clusters of small satellites and onboard processors equipped with AI/ML (Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning) algorithms could select the data most likely to be important and quickly transmit it to a ground mesh .

5- High performance (“follow-up”) batteries

Modern armies have an enormous demand for fuel and energyFrom vehicles to communications equipment to the laptops that power backpack drones and other tactical surveillance devices.

Power is also essential for intelligence services: lMiniaturized batteries can power communications or collection devices hidden in unusual objects.

Furthermore, the trend towards unmanned systems with long dwell times will require long-life battery systems.

6- Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (“follow-up”)

With proper integration into DoD operations, AI/ML systems they will speed up – and complicate – most of the basic functions of the US national security community.

The ability to process huge data sets and focus on the signal through the noise will help intelligence officers more effectively provide indications and warnings, it will help policy makers understand complex trends and help combatants manage a multi-layered battlefield, including autonomous vehicles and cross-domain warfare.

7- Robotics (“follow-up”)

bomb disposal robot
Bomb disposal robot (loan_45/)

Robotic advances, combined with autonomous or semi-autonomous capabilities, will allow minimize the risk to human life in dangerous situationson and off the battlefield, and perform tasks that are impossible or dangerous for people.

Experts warn that combinations of these technologies are often more powerful than the sum of their parts. “For example, AI/ML together with bioengineering could create radical advances, such as the discovery of new biological compounds, and the combination of space technology and quantum sensing could revolutionize intelligence work,” they reveal in the study.

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a nonprofit, bipartisan political research organization dedicated to advancing practical ideas to address the world’s greatest challenges.

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