The agenda of the annual session of the Chinese Parliamentwhich opens this Sunday, includes bills on topics as diverse as the birth rate, the animal welfare, sex education either taiwan.
In order to be adopted, the proposals must be previously approved by the leaders of the Chinese Communist Party (PCC), the highest instance of power in the Asian power.
These are some of the proposals:
Deputy Li Yihu indicated that he would present proposals to promote the “civil exchanges” with Taiwana democratic island that the beijing regime considered part of its territory.
Li recalled that “Beijing’s global strategy to resolve the Taiwan issue” has been strengthened in the past year, adding that “Mainland China will speed up national unification.”
Several deputies want to present proposals to boost the birth rate in the country.
Among them are the free education until the end of university for all children born after 2024, or the extension of maternity leave -until now reserved for full-time employees- to self-employed businesswomen and peasant women.
It also contemplates granting unmarried women the same rights as married women and lifting restrictions on registering children born out of wedlock in the civil registry.
The congressman and technological entrepreneur li dongsheng wants to pass a law on cyberbullying, especially after the suicide of a young woman who suffered a campaign of attacks on networks after posting a photo with dyed pink hair.
The country does not currently have a legal definition of cyberbullying.
Deputy Chen Wei advocates that nurseries have pedagogical material of sex education.
Your colleague Fang Yan He defends regulating the “chaos” of digital influencers for young people and improving the supervision of live content in which children appear.
Deputy zhao wanping wants to fight the killing cats and dogs as well as against the trade and consumption of their meat.
The same legislator proposes acceding to “the demand of the population to be able to shoot fireworks” during the holidays.
The use of these rockets is regulated or even prohibited in many cities for safety reasons and for the noise disturbance it can generate. Zhao proposes that special areas be enabled.
Deputy Wang Yongan employee of a delivery company, wants me to China celebrate a “Delivery Day” to recognize the work of millions of workers in the digital commerce and the delivery of food at home, which have become essential in urban life.
li dongsheng He also suggested that workers’ compensation be extended to “flexible workers,” which includes delivery drivers or ride-sharing app drivers.
Keys and rituals of the annual session
The two legislative bodies of China are holding their annual plenary meetings this weekend in Biejing, with the participation of more than 3,000 representatives from all regions of this country of more than 1,400 million inhabitants.
The ritual of the “lianghui”or “two sessions”, rarely holds surprises, since their votes are tightly controlled and the laws were previously approved by the leaders of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), the highest body of power in the Asian power.
But the deliberations of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CCPPC) and the National People’s Assembly (ANP) will allow to perceive the orientations and priorities of the country.
The observers will analyze especially the decisions in economic matters, after the end of three years of politics of zero covid.
These are some keys to these meetings:
What are the “Two Sessions”?
The first, which begins on Saturday, brings together the members of the CCPPC, made up of representatives of ethnic minorities, religious cults, the business world and the fields of sport or art.
That instance includes several celebrities, such as the basketball player Yao Ming or the actor Jackie Chan.
But its real weight is reduced. Its main function is to formulate policy suggestions that generally have little national impact.
The second and most important meeting, starting on Sunday, will be that of the National People’s Assembly (ANP), the Chinese Parliament, in the Beijing Great Hall of the Peopleto one side of the tiananmen square.
Two thirds of the legislators are members of the PCC and their votes will essentially validate the decisions of the Party at the state level.
How important is it?
China is doing its best to avoid embarrassing incidents during the parliamentary session, which the Communist Party touts as proof that it is accountable to the people despite its monopoly of power.
Authorities close factories in the region on those days to ensure blue skies, deploy large numbers of police officers, and urge — and sometimes force — political dissidents to go on “vacations” far from the capital.
It’s also the only time of the year when the country’s most powerful politicians come together in one place, which encourages behind-the-scenes negotiations, networking and backstabbing.
Every five years the president is also appointed. In this session the assembly must approve a third unprecedented mandate to Xi Jinpingwho at the end of last year was ratified as general secretary of the PCC.
This meeting will also be the first since China reversed its strict policy of “zero covid”although the attendees and the media were asked to remain in quarantine in a hotel the night before it began.
What are the main themes?
The post-pandemic economic recovery will be the focus as analysts forecast GDP growth of 5.3% in 2023, a figure considered modest by Chinese standards.
A statement published this week announced that the meetings will include discussions on “a plan to reform the institutions of the Party and the State”, which has led experts to speculate about a possible revision of the national security apparatus.
The publication of details about the military expenses will offer signs of China’s confidence in the current geopolitical conditions, from tensions in the Taiwan Strait to the conflict in Ukraine.
(With information from AFP)
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