The delegation of the European Union (EU) in Beijing asked this Friday, the day on which one year has passed since the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, that China comply with “with their special responsibilities” as a member of the Permanent Security Council of the United Nations and that “uphold the values of the UN Charter”.
The ambassador of the EU in China, the Spanish Jorge Toledoassured in a press conference that no “supposed legitimate security concern” can justify the “Russian war of aggression”.
Since the outbreak of the war, China has called for attention to the “legitimate concerns of all countries”, referring to Russia.
The diplomat pointed outblatant violations of the United Nations Charter” by Moscow, among which he mentioned “aggression, invasion and organization of fraudulent referendums in illegally annexed Ukrainian territories”.
Toledo referred to the document published today by the Chinese Foreign Ministry in which he explains in twelve points his “stance for a political solution to the crisis in Ukraine”, noting that “time is still needed to analyze it.”
For her part, the charge d’affaires of the Ukrainian Embassy in Beijing, Zhana LeshchynskaAt the same event, he described the publication of the Chinese document as “a positive sign” and expressed his hope to “maintain communication” with the Asian country.
However, the Ukrainian official stated that she expects China to “play a more active role” and “urge Russia to stop the war” and added that the conflict “has also affected relations” between Beijing and Kiev, citing as an example that “bilateral trade between the two countries fell by 50% in the last year due to the blockade of ports.”
Leshchynska indicated that she has “no sign that China is preparing a talk” between its president, Xi Jinpingand his Ukrainian counterpart, Volodimir Zelenskysomething that has not happened since the war began, despite the fact that Xi has held several talks with the Russian president, Vladimir Putin.
The European ambassador also recalled the words of the high representative of Community Foreign Affairs, Josep Borrellwhich declared this month that an arms supply by Beijing to Moscow would cross “a red line”.
The Ukrainian diplomat referred to the official position of Beijing, which denies providing weapons to Russia, and rejected comparisons between arming Kiev and Moscow: “Ukraine uses weapons to defend its territory. If someone arms Russia, Russia will use them to attack another country.”
The Ukrainian diplomat, who regretted that Beijing “is not supporting” her country’s effort, rejected the possibility of a ceasefire, a proposal included in the document published today by China, arguing that it would transform the dispute into an “entrenched conflict.”
For his part, Toledo, who assured that Putin “wanted us Europeans to freeze this winter, but we did not”, stressed the “importance” of the sanctions, combined “with military and economic support for Ukraine”, to prevent ” no country can get away with such aggression.”
Barely a week before the war broke out, the presidents of China and Russia pledged in Beijing to a friendly relationship “without limits” and China has maintained an ambiguous position throughout the conflict, according to which it calls for respect for territorial integrity. Ukrainian while opposing sanctions on Moscow for “not solving the problems.”
(With information from EFE)
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