Together with the leaders of G-7, Japan has invited to the Hiroshima summit the heads of state of Brazil, India or Indonesiaamong other countries of the “global south” with which it claims to “share values”, and with which objective of expanding the common front before Moscow and removing them from the orbit of Beijing.
The Hiroshima event at the end of the week will have one of the largest guest lists to date for a meeting of the Group of Seven (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United States and the United Kingdom), since for this chance includes more emerging countries and other partners with whom ties are being strengthenedsuch as South Korea and Australia.
The Indian prime minister, Narendra Modi, attends as the rotating president of the G-20, while the Indonesian president, Joko Widodo, does so at the head of ASEAN. They are also joined by the leaders of Comoros and the Cook Islands, who in turn chair the African Union and the Pacific Islands Forum, as well as Vietnam.
As usual in these summits, the list of participants is completed by representatives of the European Union and global institutions such as the United Nations or the International Monetary Fund.
ENGAGE THE “GLOBAL SOUTH”
The main objective of this extended format is to “engage the global south”, reinforce the participation of developing countries and “show that the G-7 also provides solutions to the challenges that affect them”has pointed out Noriyuki Shikata, political manager of the Cabinet of Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida.
“We want the G-7 to also be a relevant forum for them,” Shikata said in statements to the media, who also stressed that the Japanese presidency aspires for “more constructive joint messages for the international community” to come out of Hiroshima.
The attendance of so many leaders culminates a frantic period of diplomatic activity by the Japanese Prime Minister, as well as his Foreign Minister, Yoshimasa Hayashi, in recent months.
Between both have toured a large number of countries in Latin America, Europe, Africa or Asia since the beginning of the yearalways with the goal of bringing positions closer to similar countries and with others with which there are more differences, with a view to Hiroshima.
In all these visits, the Japanese officials highlighted Japan’s ties with countries “that support an international order based on universal values such as freedom and democracy” and “that reject unilateral changes to the ‘status quo’ by force.”
This language is the one habitually used by Tokyo to condemn the Russian invasion of Ukraine and is expected to form part of the Hiroshima joint declaration, as well as the defense of “a free and open Indo-Pacific”, another of the priorities of Japanese diplomacy. , and “code name” of his strategy to contain China.
A FRONT AGAINST RUSSIA AND A BRAKE ON CHINA
The G-7 will discuss with the invited countries their pressure measures to Russiaand could urge them to join them or that at least do not provide escape routes to Moscowa topic that has been present in the preparatory meetings of Foreign Affairs and Finance of the Group of Seven.
This could lead to friction with Indiaa country that maintains a close alliance with Moscow, one of its main suppliers of military material and from whom it continues to buy part of its oil despite sanctions and other international pressure measures.
The discussions in Hiroshima will also cover global challenges such as climate change and energy and food security, which especially affect developing countries and countries in the southern hemisphere, which have also been hard hit by the economic consequences of the war in Ukraine.
The G-7 is expected to present concrete commitments to support these countries in climate mattersin investments in infrastructure and development aidand in post-pandemic recovery and preparation against future health crises.
All these measures, as well as the planned discussions on the debt problem faced by many developing countries, also have the ultimate goal of containing Beijing’s growing influence over emerging nations.
But many experts doubt that the G-7 will be able to agree with such diverse countries on a unified message against both Russia and China, since even among the Seven there are differences on how to deal with Beijing.
(With information from EFE)
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