Main world leaders arrive this Monday in the Egyptian city of Sharm el Sheikh to participate in the COP27a summit that will be marked by the absence of the heads of state of some of the largest economies and most polluting countries on the planet, such as Russia either China.
More than a hundred Heads of State and Government -with some still to be confirmed-, will attend the most important event on the planet on the global warming and its effects, which in this edition includes the loss and damage associated with climate change on its agenda for the first time.
But despite the international commitment to limit and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, several of the leaders of the main economies and most polluting countries in the world, such as Russia, India either China they will not be present at the summit with high-ranking representatives.
A summit with surprises
Amidst the political uproar in the United Kingdom and the succession to the throne, many doubts arose about who would be in charge of representing the country in Sharm el Sheikh.
Initially, I was going to go king charles iiia staunch defender of environmental policies, but the British government vetoed the monarch’s assistance.
The new British Prime Minister, Rishi Sunakinitially decided not to participate in COP27, something that was harshly criticized by the opposition as a lack of leadership, but finally announced his attendance.
For his part, the US President Joe Biden will also attend the summit. Yes indeed, will not be present during the meeting of heads of statebetween November 7 and 8, when legislative elections are held in your country, and will land in Egypt on the 11th.
Another surprise is the attendance of the president-elect of Brazil, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silvawhich defeated the controversial Jair Bolsonaro in a victory much celebrated by the environmental left.
During his campaign, the Brazilian focused on protecting the Amazon and advocated reintroducing policies to fight climate change.
Also, the first COP in Africa since 2016 it will have the assistance of the hydrocarbon-rich monarchies of the Persian Gulf.
United Arab Emiratesrepresented by the president Mohamed bin Zayed al-NahyanY Saudi Arabiawith the controversial crown prince and new prime minister in attendance Mohammed bin Salmanwill be one of the main focuses of the event by leading the energy transition in the region.
The Emirates, obsessed with the production of blue and green hydrogen as alternatives to oil, will also host the next COP28 in its capital, Abu Dhabi.
the great absences
The President of Russia, Vladimir Putinwill not attend COP27 despite the fact that the energy and climate repercussions of the Russian invasion of Ukraine will be one of the main focuses of the conference.
In addition, Putin has received a harsh international response and has few allies in Westsomething that could cause the summit to take a turn and its main task would remain in the background.
Yes, a Russian delegation will attend, will push for technologies to be excluded from sanctions that allow reducing carbon emissions, considering that the fight against climate change is “joint”, according to the kremlin.
Xi Jinping, president of China, the largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world, will also not attend the summit despite being one of the most powerful economies that, in addition, the use of coal is increasing as one of its main sources of energy.
Xi’s denial to Sharm el Sheikh comes after China suspended bilateral negotiations on climate change with the United States in August, one of the measures taken in retaliation for the visit to Taiwan as Speaker of the US House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi.
India, another of the most polluting countries in the world, has not yet confirmed the attendance of its prime minister, Narendra Modiwhile the Indian delegation will try to tackle climate finance for developing countries, as well as take pressure off itself to abandon coal use, as will China.
(With information from EFE)
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