The UN General Assembly approved this Thursday by an overwhelming majority a resolution that demands the “immediate withdrawal” of Russian troops from Ukraine to put an end to the war launched a year ago by Moscow.
With 141 votes in favor, 7 against (Russia, Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea, Nicaragua, Mali and Syria) and 32 abstentions, the international community approved the resolution “Principles of the Charter of the United Nations on which the a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in Ukraine”.
In its resolution sponsored by dozens of countries and in the face of the notable abstention of China, andThe UN forum reiterated its “commitment” to the “territorial integrity” of Ukraine.
It demanded that Russia “immediately, completely and unconditionally withdraw all its military forces from the territory of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders,” referring to the territories annexed by Moscow. Since Wednesday, representatives of dozens of countries have paraded through the UN rostrum to support Ukraine, whose foreign minister Dmytro Kulebaurged the world the day before to choose “between good and evil”.
The text, which is not binding, also urges the “cessation of hostilities” and “emphasizes the need to achieve a general, just and lasting peace in Ukraine as soon as possible, in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter.”
Due to the Russia’s veto in the UN Security Council that prevents any decision on Ukraine contrary to Moscow, the General Assembly of the organization took the baton a year ago in this dossier.
This was the fourth resolution the General Assembly has voted on since the Russian invasion of Ukraine on February 24 last year. The previous ones obtained between 140 and 143 votes in favor and five against (Russia, Belarus, North Korea, Eritrea and Syria) while in the third, in October, Eritrea left the group and Nicaragua joined.
A slightly different fourth, in April, which suspended Russia from the Human Rights Council, achieved 93 votes in favor, 24 against, and 58 abstentions.
Among Latin American countries, Bolivia, Cuba, El Salvador abstained, while Venezuela could not vote due to non-payment of its quota to the organization.no.
“In one year, we should not meet again for the second anniversary of this absurd war of aggression,” Japanese Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi warned Thursday, hoping instead for a “peace summit” in 2024.
But if the war continues, it is due to “Russia’s lack of desire” to withdraw its troops from Ukraine, recalled the head of European diplomacy Josep Borrell, who warned that the Russian invasion has generated a “globalized” and “toxic” war. with consequences for the whole world, as seen with the rise in energy and food prices.
If Russia “stops fighting, this war is over. If Ukraine stops fighting, Ukraine ends.”recalled for her part the German Chancellor Annalena Baerbock.
To those in favor of negotiating with Russia, he recalled: “we already have a peace plan: it is called the United Nations Charter, whose principles apply to all States: sovereign equality, territorial integrity and the non-use of force”, asking to Russia to respect it.
The representative of China, a country that advocates a “political solution” between kyiv and Moscow, warned in the Assembly rostrum that “conflicts and wars have no winners.”
“No matter how difficult the door to a political solution is, (it) cannot be closed,” Deputy UN Ambassador Dai Bing said.
A call to which several South American countries joined, such as Guatemala, Mexico, Colombia or Uruguay.
Before voting on the resolution, the forum rejected by a large majority several amendments submitted by Belarusan ally of Moscow, who called for “the immediate start of peace negotiations” and urged member states to “refrain from sending weapons to the conflict zone.”
Russian President Vladimir Putin said this week that he would “methodically” continue his offensive in Ukraine, in an anti-Western speech reminiscent of Cold War rhetoric.
For the Russian ambassador to the UN, Vassili Nebenzia, the West is trying to “inflict a defeat on Russia”, even at the price of “dragging the whole world into the abyss of war”.
On Friday, the UN Security Council will mark the anniversary of the invasion with a ministerial meeting in the presence of, among others, the head of US diplomacy, Antony Blinken.
With information from AFP
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