The United States expressed this Tuesday your support for the establishment of a special court to try war crimes committed by Vladimir Putin’s troops during the invasion of Ukraine based on the Ukrainian judicial system, with international support and located in a third country.
A State Department spokesman told reporters that this “internationalized national court” model would allow Ukraine to lead accountability for alleged war crimes with the support of the international community.
“The United States supports the creation of a special court on aggression against Ukraine that is based on the Ukrainian judicial system with international elements,” the same source said.
The government of Joe Biden He wants this court to have special support from its European partners and that it “ideally be located in another European country,” he added.
According to the spokesman for US diplomacy, Such a court would complement the work of the International Center for the Prosecution of the Crime of Aggression (ICPA).a body that the European Commission plans to launch in the summer to preserve the evidence and prepare its analysis for a possible trial of Russian aggression.
“We are committed to working with Ukraine and countries around the world to support the court and maximize the chances of accountability”concluded the spokesman.
Speaking at the US-sponsored Democracy Summit on Tuesday, Ukraine’s Foreign Minister, Dmitro Kulebawarned that implementing peace “at any cost is illusory” and stressed that maintaining the territorial integrity of his country is an “essential” condition.
He also celebrated the arrest warrant issued weeks ago by the International Criminal Court (ICC) against Russian President Vladimir Putin for the deportation of Ukrainian children during the war. Neither Russia nor the United States are party to the Rome Statute of the ICC.
The court said in a statement that Putin “is allegedly responsible for the war crime of illegal deportation of population (children) and the illegal transfer of population (children) from the occupied areas of Ukraine to the Russian Federation.”
He also issued a warrant for the arrest of Maria Alexeyevna Lvova-BelovaCommissioner for Children’s Rights in the Office of the President of the Russian Federation, on similar charges.
The ICC said its trial chamber found that there were “reasonable grounds to believe that each suspect is responsible for the war crime of illegal population deportation and illegal population transfer from occupied areas of Ukraine to the Russian Federation, to the detriment of Ukrainian children.” ”.
The ICC prosecutor, Karim Khandeclared this month after a visit to Ukraine that the alleged child abductions were the subject of “a priority investigation.”
The court, created in 2002 to judge the worst crimes committed in the world, has been investigating for more than a year possible war crimes or crimes against humanity committed in Ukraine during the Russian offensive.
Russia, however, rejects the accusations of war crimes.
In its first report drawn up since Russia began its offensive against Ukraine, on February 24, 2022, the UN Commission of Inquiry concludes that “the situations it examined regarding the transfer and deportation of children, within Ukraine and to the Federation from Russia respectively, violate international humanitarian law and constitute a war crime.”
Vladimir Putin signed a decree in May 2022 to make it easier for certain minors to be granted Russian citizenship.
The investigators also accused the Russian government of having committed possible “crimes against humanity.”
Last month Lesia Zaburanaa member of the Ukrainian Parliament, denounced that more than 16,000 Ukrainian children have been deported to Russia since the invasion of Ukraine began on February 24, 2022.
The parliamentarian assured that in this period another 350 children have been declared missing and a total of 9,510 minors who have been untraceable since the conflict began have been located.
Zaburanna said that the number of minors deported represents 20% of children in Ukraine, noting that at least half were forcibly separated from their parents.
(With information from EFE)
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