The American President, Joe Bidenaffirmed this Wednesday that he is considering authorizing the shipment to Ukraine of Atacms longer range missileswhich kyiv requests to reinforce its counteroffensive against Russia.
Asked if he is considering the possibility of sending this weapon, Biden answered in the affirmative.
“But they now have the equivalent of Atacms (tactical missiles). What we need most are artillery shells, and they are in short supply. We are working on that”, he added before boarding the presidential plane Air Force One en route to Finland from Lithuania, where he participated in the NATO summit.
Biden considered that the Ukrainian president, Volodímir Zelensky, is in any case “very satisfied” with the support for his country in the face of Russian aggression.
NATO did not define a specific timetable for the integration of Ukraine into the Atlantic Alliance, but Biden and the other G7 leaders signed a declaration in which they pledged to ensure Ukraine’s security in the long term.
The US president told the press that he does not believe that Ukraine’s eventual entry will take place before the end of the war, which began in February 2022.
Zelensky had said this Wednesday that he intended to ask Biden to send the longer-range missiles to Ukraine during the meeting they both held on the sidelines of the NATO summit in Vilnius.
At that same summit, which closed today, France had precisely announced the shipment of SCALP long-range missiles.
The Atacms have a range of about 300 kilometres, more than French missiles and British Storm Shadows, which are also long-range and were authorized by the UK in May. The United States had already sent Himars rockets to Ukraine, but their range is around 80 kilometers.
Last week, the US confirmed that it would send cluster bombs to Ukraine despite criticism from Germany and from organizations such as Human Rights Watch (HWR), who are concerned about the impact of such weapons on the civilian population.
Cluster bombs consist of a container that opens in the air and disperses a large quantity of explosive submunitions or “bomblets” over a wide area, which can be a radius of between 200 and 400 meters.
The problem is that some of these “bomblets” do not explode when they make contact with the ground and remain buried, so that they can detonate years after when a civilian passes through the area.
Asked about those concerns, Sullivan said that the bombs the US will deliver to Ukraine have a non-explosion rate – those that fail and remain buried – of less than 2.5 percent.
By contrast, the cluster bombs Russia has allegedly used have a non-explosion rate of between 30 and 40 percent.
More than 100 countries, including NATO members such as France and Germany, oppose the use of cluster bombs and have ratified the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which entered into force in 2010 and to which neither Ukraine nor Ukraine are a party. Russia, nor the United States.
Germany, which was one of the first countries to ratify the Convention, expressed its disagreement with the US decision on Friday.
(With information from EFE)
What are the cluster bombs that the United States will send to Ukraine and how do they work?
Joe Biden approved the supply of cluster munitions to Ukraine