The World Health Organization warned this Tuesday about the irruption of the artificial intelligence in the health field and asked caution in its use. Also, he requested that “examine carefully” what can be their risks in the matter and, based on that, claimed a increased oversight by governments.
However, he recognized the importance of having these technological advances and the benefits that their correct use can bring to society.
“While WHO is enthusiastic about the appropriate use of technologies to support healthcare professionals, patients, researchers and scientists, it is concerned that the caution that would normally be exercised with any new technology is not being exercised consistently with these IA”, read a statement released by the agency.
Specifically, in the note the experts pointed against the tools of linguistic models, such as the famous ChatGPTwhich is capable of imitating human communication processes.
In this sense, the Organization warned that these systems can “to be biased” and contain false data that, used improperly, end up “generate and disseminate very convincing disinformation”, either in the form of text, audio or video.
“It is imperative that the risks of using these tools as a support method for medical decision-making be carefully examined,” the statement continues, insisting that their hasty use could lead health professionals to make mistakes, cause harm in patients and erode general confidence in artificial intelligence and its potential long-term benefits.
Another of the aspects addressed by the experts are the problems of information protection of the users. AI “may not protect sensitive data – including health data – that a user provides to generate a response,” they commented.
To deal with all this, the WHO called for the collaboration of executives from all over the world to carry out a thorough analysis of the risks and benefits of this technology in the field of health and to establish a series of clear parameters and rules before generalizing its use.
Even the experts detailed six fundamental axes to be treated before its mass adoption. It’s about the protection of the autonomy of professionalsthe promotion of human well-beingthe transparency guaranteeshe promotion of responsibilitythe inclusion and the promoting sustainable artificial intelligence.
The Organization’s request comes the same day that the executive director and co-founder of the Open AI company, developer of ChatGPT, Sam Altman, asked the United States Congress to regulate the development and use of technology.
Like health experts, he recognized that these advances could be beneficial in medicine but stressed the need for government intervention to ensure that citizens’ rights are truly protected and respected.
“We believe that the regulatory intervention of governments will be crucial to mitigate risks of increasingly powerful models. It is essential that the most powerful AI is developed with democratic values”, he began by saying.
“OpenAI was founded on the belief that artificial intelligence has the potential to improve almost every aspect of our lives, but it also creates serious risks,” he continued, concluding by saying: “One of my biggest fears is that we, this industry , this technology, we cause significant harm to society. If this technology goes down the wrong path, it can go quite far (…) and we want to work with the Government to prevent that from happening.”
(With information from AFP, EFE and Europa Press)
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