UNESCO has been able to verify that 152 monuments or protected historical sites have been damaged in Ukraine due to the Russian invasionabout 60 more than in its previous evaluation, the organization said Thursday.
In total, its experts have been able to verify that 70 religious buildings, 30 historical buildings, 18 cultural centers, 15 monuments, 12 museums and seven libraries are partially or totally destroyed by the fighting.
“Cultural heritage, in all its forms, cannot be considered an objective” of the war, said the director general of the UN Agency for Education, Science and Culture (Unesco), Audrey Azoulay.
The Donetsk region, with 45 affected places, the Kharkiv region, with 40, and the kyiv region, with 26, have suffered three quarters of the damage.
Since the beginning of the invasion, UNESCO adopted a series of measures to prevent the destruction of protected sites and advises professionals to inventory and avoid damage as much as possible.
In addition, some shelters have been identified to put objects that can be displaced to safety, while the fire-fighting devices of some of these places have been reinforced.
UNESCO collaborates with the Ukrainian authorities to mark protected places with the blue badge, which indicates that damaging it can cause consequences for the authors.
The Ministry of Culture of Ukraine has complaints of more than three hundred places of patrimonial interest attacked since last February 24 The Russian invasion began.
Only in Kharkiv, the second largest Ukrainian city, in the east of the country, have they suffered damage the Art Museum, with the paradox that it houses paintings by Russian artists, the Philharmonic, the Opera and Ballet Theatre, the National Scientific Library, its cathedrals, several churches such as the Holy Faithful Queen Tamarawhich also paradoxically corresponds to the Orthodox Patriarchate of Russia.
They are better known monuments, like others attacked near kyiv, in Chernigov or Mariupol, but others have been destroyed in small towns where the loss of this heritage is less visible, or in areas where the war continues and it has not been possible to document it.
A missile hit the museum dedicated to the philosopher Hryhoriy Skovoroda in Skovorodynivka, a town near Kharkiv, one night.
The image of this 18th century scholar appears on the banknotes of 500 hryvnias, the Ukrainian currency, but has been erased here by the destruction and the fire caused by the projectile in what was his residence, converted into a museum.
(With information from EFE)
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