With the outbreak of hostilities in that country, the UN Refugee Agency warns that the conflict is having a devastating impact, so they will need 445 million dollars to respond to the growing needs.
Following the outbreak of armed conflict in Sudan on April 15, 2023, hundreds of thousands of civilians have been forced to flee, including people who were already internally displaced due to previous conflicts, and refugees from other countries who had sought safety in Sudan. In addition to the new internal displacements, more than 200,000 people, including Sudanese refugees and other nationalities hosted by Sudanhave fled to neighboring countries or returned to their homes under adverse circumstances, especially to Chad, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, Egypt and Ethiopia. Besides, hundreds of thousands of people have been internally displacedand many more remain confined within their homes, without access to basic necessities.
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, expressed its utmost concern over the ongoing armed clashes in Sudan. He also warned that this The escalation of violence will only hinder the humanitarian response to the people most in need in the country and will delay stability and solutions for millions of displaced people in the region..
The situation is extremely worrying. Almost 90% of refugees are women, girls and boys. The needs are urgent in terms of food, water, fuel, health and protection against gender violence and situations of abuse and exploitation.
In this context, UNHCR and its partners are intensifying their relief efforts and anticipate that they will need $445 million to support an estimated departure of 860,000 refugees and returnees from Sudan in five countries affected by the emergency.
The humanitarian response is complicated and expensive, as refugees and returnees are arriving in remote border areas, where services and infrastructure are scarce or non-existent and the local population is already suffering the consequences of climate change and food shortages. The upcoming rainy season will make logistics even more difficult as many roads will become impassable.
-The clashes that have arisen have displaced more than 330,000 people in Sudan; and more of 100,000 refugees and returnees have left the country.
-In South Sudanare more than 32,000 new arrivals from Sudan: 3,000 newly arrived refugees and 30,000 South Sudanese refugees who are returning to their homes.
-In Chadthe arrival of 30,000 refugees has been recorded in recent days, bringing the total number of people who have moved from Sudan to Chad in recent weeks to 60,000. Nearly 90 percent of the refugees are children and women, including many pregnant women. One in five children tested, between the ages of six months and 5 years, was severely malnourished.
-Half of the people arriving in Chad have relatives still in Sudan who want to join them. Some men have reportedly stayed behind to protect their property. Relocations from the border are scheduled to begin over the weekend. More than 3,000 refugee families have received relief items. This week, humanitarian aid has been sent in two emergency flights from the UNHCR warehouse in Dubai.
– In the Central African Republicwhere they have come close to 10,000 people displacedlack of fuel and poor road conditions make it difficult to transport humanitarian aid to the border. Hygiene kits, mosquito nets, kitchen sets and shelter items are being distributed to the new arrivals.
-In Ethiopiathey have built community emergency shelters at Metema, a main point of arrival. UNHCR partners are providing registration, protection activities and hot meals.
–52,500 Sudanese have crossed into Egypt from Sudan, in addition to more than 3,900 people of other nationalities. 56,400 is the total number of newcomers. In that country, UNHCR and its partners are delivering water, food, wheelchairs, hygiene items and sanitary products to new arrivals at the borders, through the Egyptian Red Crescent. New arrivals have come to UNHCR in Cairo to register and receive support. The registration process has been expedited so that refugees can quickly access medical assistance and education.
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