What are tendons?

Tendons are fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones. Tendons serve to move the bone or structure, while ligaments are the fibrous connective tissue that joins bones together and generally their function is to join structures and keep them stable.

Tendons are fibrous structures that connect muscles to bones. They are mainly composed of collagen, a strong and resistant protein, which allows them to withstand high tension loads. Tendons are responsible for transmitting muscle force generated by the muscles to the bones, allowing movement of the body.

Tendons can be of different sizes and shapes, depending on the muscle and the part of the body in which they are located. Some tendons, such as the Achilles tendon in the heel and the patellar tendon in the knee, are larger and can withstand extremely high tension loads. Other tendons, such as those found in the hand and fingers, are smaller and more delicate.

Tendons can suffer injuries, which can be acute or chronic. Acute injuries can occur from a traumatic force, such as a pull or break, while chronic injuries can occur from overuse and repetition of certain activities. Tendon injuries can be painful and can affect the physical function of the body.

Treatment of tendon injuries depends on the severity of the injury. In some cases, rest and physical therapy may be sufficient for recovery, while in other cases, more aggressive treatment, such as surgery, may be necessary.