The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) released a list of the European countries with highest levels of antisemitism. The survey revealed that One in every four citizens in the Old Continent present attitudes of hatred towards the Jews.
The report also found that one in three respondents in six Western European countries say that Jews are more loyal to Israel than to their home countries.
In Spainone in four citizens believes in the traditional antisemitic stereotypesrelated to the link between jews and money. Furthermore, they claim they control the government.
“It is worrying that so many Europeans continue to agree with some of the most dangerous anti-Semitic lies in history.including that Jews are intrinsically greedythat control the government and finances, or are more loyal to Israel. And unfortunately, this has not improved since our last survey in the region in 2019,” he said. Jonathan Greenblatt, CEO and national director of the ADL. “These harmful ideas have historically motivated anti-Semitic attacks and should never be taken lightly, especially in a continent that witnessed the Holocaust,” he added.
Of the six countries surveyed in Western Europe, Spain presents the highest level of anti-Semitic attitudes, with 26%. they follow him Belgium (24%), France (17%), Germany (12%), the United Kingdom (10%) and Netherlands (6%).
For its part, in Eastern Europe, hatred of the Jews is still deeply rooted. Despite slight declines in each of the four countries surveyed, levels of anti-Semitic belief persist in Hungary (37%), Poland (35%) and Russia (26%).
The greatest decline in anti-Semitism was recorded in Ukrainewhere hateful attitudes fell from an all-time high of 46% in 2019 to 29% in 2023“possibly in part due to the popularity of the Jewish president, Zelenskywhose approval ratings have risen dramatically in recent years in response to his defiance of Russian military strikes,” the Anti-Defamation League report states.
“The marked improvement in anti-Semitic attitudes in Ukraine appears to be linked to the popularity of President Zelensky, a proudly jewish leader, who makes his inheritance public. Although the survey results do not directly address questions of causality, there is no question that having a Jewish president who is being praised for his response to Russian aggression seems to have affected the perception of Jews among Ukrainian citizens,” Greenblatt said.
Other key results from the ADL survey:
– In Europe, anti-Semitism rates tend to be higher on the political right than on the political left. However, there are a significant number of people who harbor anti-Semitic views across the political spectrum. People who identify as centrist or moderate have the lowest levels of the antisemitism index in Europe.
– The survey revealed that a higher concern about right-wing violence correlates with lower levels of antisemitism in Europe. Countries most concerned about far-right violence (France, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom) tend to have lower scores on the antisemitism index than countries least concerned about far-right violence (Hungary, Poland, and Spain). .
– Although in many Western European countries respondents say they sympathize more with the Palestinians than with the Israelis, support for the boycott of Israeli products is very low.
– In Europe, only about 10% of respondents say they interact with Jews “very often”. While France (12%), the United Kingdom (11%) and Ukraine (10%) have the highest percentage of respondents who say they associate with Jews “very often”, in Poland and Spain only 2% of those surveyed associate themselves “very often”.
The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) Global Anti-Semitism Index 100® is the most comprehensive survey of anti-Semitic attitudes, with 102 countries and territories participating. The results shed light on anti-Semitic attitudes in the world and what are the most deeply held anti-Jewish beliefs.
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