The leaders of the main economies of the world arrive from Friday to India for one two day G20 summit marked by the Russian invasion of Ukraineconcerns about the global economy and climate change.
The host country coined an optimistic slogan, “One Earth, one family, one future”but the differences between the different leaders laminate the functioning of the group.
The G20 is made up of 19 countries and the European Unionwhich make up a 85% of global wealth and two thirds of the world’s population.
But not all of its leaders will be in New Delhi on September 9 and 10, with notable absences such as the presidents of Russia and China, Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinpingrespectively.
The US president arrives in India to boost alliances and offer support to developing countriestaking advantage of the difficulties that, according to Washington, China is going through.
It will also address issues such as “fighting the climate change or mitigate the economic and social impacts of the Russian war in Ukrainesaid his national security adviser Jake Sullivan.
Biden will be accompanied by the Secretary of the Treasury, Janet Yellenwho is visiting India for the fourth time in ten months amid Washington’s effort to reform the International Monetary Fund and the world Bank to better serve developing countries.
Lavrov instead of Putin
Just like at the 2022 G20 summit in Indonesia or at the recent summit of the BRICS in South Africa, Russia will be represented by its foreign minister, Sergey Lavrov.
In March, the International Criminal Court issued a arrest warrant against President Vladimir Putin on war crimes charges linked to the illegal deportation of Ukrainian children, something the Kremlin denies.
Li instead of Xi
The Chinese delegation will be led by Prime Minister li qiangthe foreign ministry said in Beijing on Monday, confirming Xi’s de facto absence.
The world’s second largest economy is undergoing a difficult postcovid recoverywith weak domestic demand, a youth unemployment up and one crisis in the real estate sector.
It also maintains a long Himalayan border dispute with Indiawhich this week is organizing military exercises in that area that will continue during the summit.
The world’s new most populous nation hosts the rotating G20 presidency and its prime minister Narendra Modi seizes the opportunity to put India at the center of the international stage.
But he faces the arduous challenge of build a consensus among the great powers on key issues that divide the block.
Modi is expected to push for expand group to 21 members with the inclusion of the african uniona move backed by Biden.
After the absence of Jair Bolsonaro last year, Brazil will once again be represented by its head of state, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silvawho returns to this international forum.
From the start of his third term, the leftist strove to lift South America’s largest economy out of his predecessor’s diplomatic isolation by participating in multiple multilateral events.
Besides, Brazil will assume the presidency of the G20 in 2024 and the following year it will host the summit of the BRICS and the climate conference COP30.
Fernandez yes, AMLO no
Of the rest of the Latin American countries, the president Alberto Fernandez will attend representing Argentina, while the Mexican Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador he will be absent from the summit as he has done in the previous ones.
Rest of the world
german chancellor Olaf Schölzthe French president Emmanuel Macronthe head of the Spanish government Pedro Sanchez and the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyenwill be some of the representatives of the European Union.
G7 members such as the United Kingdom, Canada, Japan and Italy will have their respective prime ministers Rishi Sunak, Justin Trudeau, Fumio Kishida and Giorgia Meloni.
From the Asia-Pacific region will be the Indonesian president Joko Widodohis South Korean counterpart Yoon Suk Yeoland Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese.
The Turkish president is also expected Recep Tayyip Erdoganto the Saudi prince Mohamed bin Salman and to the president Cyril Ramaphosa from South Africa, the only country from this continent in the group.
The UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterrescomes as an observer, just like the leaders of the IMF and the world Bank.
(With information from AFP)