There are only 6 days left for the second round that will define the future president of France, a position disputed by Marine Le Pen and who currently occupies it, Emmanuel Macron.
Le Pen’s arrival at the Elysée, bearing in mind France’s cardinal role in European construction, would force a radical revision of the functioning and policies of the European Union if his program were to be applied.
CONCILIATOR WITH PUTIN
Until a few months ago, the leader of the French far-right has expressed an ideological proximity to Vladimir Putin that exploded electorally in 2017 and that she intended to do again in these elections.
With the outbreak of the war in Ukraine, he has unequivocally criticized the Russian invasion and has denounced “war crimes”. But he insists that once the conflict is over, NATO would have to re-establish its relationship with Moscow to avoid partnering with China, which he says is his great fear.
THE PRIMACY OF FRENCH LAW
Le Pen believes that the best way to avoid having to submit to EU rules that she does not like is to impose the primacy of French law over European and international law.
An idea that is already pitting the nationalist government of Poland against Brussels and that, if carried out in a key country in the EU like France, would dismantle the functioning of the European bloc, with measures that are imposed on everyone and guarantee, for example, the functioning of the single market.
VOLUNTARY COOPERATION IN A EUROPE OF NATIONS
Instead, Le Pen proposes “a European alliance of nations” open to voluntary cooperation and gives as an example what has been done with Airbus in airliners or with Arianespace in space rockets, projects in which only a few countries participate.
Since her failed electoral experience in 2017, also against Emmanuel Macron, Le Pen has abandoned his idea of taking France out of the euro, which generated so many fears and weighed it down electorally. But she continues to defend barriers within the single market because she intends to arrogate to herself the right to control goods entering France from other European countries under the guise of fighting fraud.
END OF ARMAMENT PROGRAMS LIKE THE FUTURE EUROPEAN FIGHTER
Its defense policy contemplates, in order to guarantee France’s stature as a power, withdrawing from NATO’s integrated command, a “dialogue with Russia on major common issues”, and at the same time break with germany -which he launches many reproaches- the “structural cooperation” in the field of armament.
This particularly affects a bilateral program for combat tanks and the future combat aircraft system (SCAF) in which Spain also participates. His priority is to strengthen French arms exports, which would be one of the axes of his diplomacy.
RENATIONALIZE BORDER CONTROL
Marine Le Pen promises to re-establish surveillance and systematic control on her borders, which in practice means the end of free movement in the Schengen areawhich in recent years has been limited in part in the name of the fight against terrorism, against irregular immigration or due to covid.
To that end, it would renegotiate the Schengen agreements to establish a simplified procedure for crossing internal borders that would be limited to EU citizens, not the rest.
Your policy for end what it calls “mass immigration” it would also undermine the principle of free movement, not to mention the fact that asylum claims could only be made from outside French territory.
QUESTIONS AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND TRADE AGREEMENTS
Le Pen rails against the drift that the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has taken within the framework of the EU’s Green Deal, because the new environmental rules, in his opinion, will increase food imports from third countries. His intention is to complete European aid with other French aid in support of sectors in difficulty to encourage production, which can generate distortions.
In the name of food sovereignty, it seeks exclude agricultural products from EU trade agreements with other countries or regional blocs and suspend the negotiations of those that are being negotiated with Mercosur, Australia and New Zealand, in addition to refusing to ratify the one that has already been concluded with Canada.
Along the same lines, he wants to prevent the importation of food whose production does not comply with the health or environmental regulations that European farmers have to abide by, but also impose the identification of the country of origin of all products.
(with information from EFE)
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